I. NAME OF THE SECTOR                    : 15. ECOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENT

 

II. INTRODUCTION OF THE SECTOR    :

 

The Lakshadweep islands lie scattered in the Arabian Sea about 250 to 450 Km from the West Coast of Kerala. They comprise 12 atolls, 3 reefs, 5 submerged banks with a total land area of 32 Sq.Km with a useable land area of only 26 Sq.Km.    But considering its lagoon area of 4200 km2 , 20,000 km2 of territorial waters and about 4,00,000 km2  of exclusive economic zone makes a large territory of India There are 36 Islands, out of which 11 are inhabited with a population of 60,595 persons in 2001.

 

            There are three main natural ecosystems in the islands:- the land, the lagoon and the ocean ecosystems.  The islands are flat and scarcely rise more than two metres from the sea level.  These islands are made up of fine coral sand and boulders which have been compacted into sand stone.  Rivers and streams are absent.  There is no declared forest in Lakshadweep, but 80 % of its land mass is covered by the green vegetation, mainly with coconut trees.  The presence of coral reefs - the most productive ecosystems - make these islands ecology very important.

 

            Lakshadweep islands have very unique and fragile eco-system. The aquatic realm is remarkable for the prolific reefs and the diversity of marine life. The marine biodiversity of the islands is predominantly and directly related to the diversity of the coral reefs. The calm waters of the lagoon which serves as a lake is home and nursery for large number of fishes, mollusks, echinoderms, sea grass, sea weeds, etc. Rapid development is taking place in the islands of Lakshadweep.  These developments often give room for concern.  One doubts whether one or the other activities is in consonance with the delicate ecological balance that sustains the islands.  The changing demographic pattern and life style, coupled with resource harvest from the reefs at more than sustenance levels have created very high stress in the islands. Any unscientific activity will adversely affect the very existence of this pristine ecology.  

 

            The coral reefs exhibit extra ordinary biodiversity.  There are more than 400 species of coral diversity had been recorded including hermatypic and ahermatypic corals.  At about 148 species of corals had been recorded from Lakshadweep.  Experts opined that many more species can be recorded which all are globally significant in terms of their diversity.  There about 8 species of coral have been reported only from Lakshadweep.  Coral reefs of Lakshadweep also support many number of biodiversity.  It includes 91 species of sponges, 114 species of seaweeds, 7 species of sea grass, 150 species of crustaceans, 225 species of echinoderms, 424 species of mollusks, about 300 species of ornamental fishes, 601 species of fishes.  Besides, it also supports many numbers of species of bacteria, fungi, phytoplankton, zooplankton many species of gorgonides, polychaetes, reptiles etc. (data not available). Its associate biodiversity also include 4 species of Turtles and 4 species of mammals.  Coral reefs offer a verity of feeding and breeding grounds for birds and more than 101 species of birds had been recorded form these Islands.  There are many species of birds which are exclusively depending on coral reefs ecosystem.

 

            At the global level, many international agencies are working together to protect and conserve the corals, for the reason and importance of the coral reef ecosystem, its biological significance and recent threats faced by the coral reefs.  As per the section 36 of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, there is a clear provision to declare important wildlife habitats of the country to be conserved and protected without any disturbance as a National Park.   We have many untouched and undisturbed virgin reefs like Suhelipar with 78.96 sq.km of lagoon area,  Baliyapanipar with 57.46 sq.km of lagoon area, Cheiyapanipar with 172.59 sq.km of lagoon area and Perumulpar with 83.02 sq.km of lagoon area are available.  It is envisaged to declare any one of these virgin reef to a Marine National Park to protect for the interest of Nation and as well as to preserve the real biodiversity for the future generation.  Thereby we have a stock of enough biodiversity and reef associated fauna & flora which are conserved at its natural way for a long run, so as to enable us to reintroduce any extinct animals from the exploited reefs for its regenerations as and when it is essential.

 

            Due to the porous nature of the soil and also due to the higher water level there is ample chance of ground water pollution on account of accumulation of large quantities of non-biodegradable wastes. The use of thin plastic bags to pack and to carry various materials including house hold articles has become a common practice all over in Lakshadweep and the disposal of these waste plastic bags in large quantities has been a problem and is of great concern particularly in such a fragile ecology. Absence of systematic sewage system, made the available water supply unsafe due to extruding of contaminated water from soak pits since the soil being sandy and porous.  Owing to acute pressure on the land the soak pits had been constructed rather unscientifically near the open wells.  Considering the importance of preserving the ecological balance and biodiversity of the islands the Department of Environment & Forests is implementing five plan schemes namely (i) Environment Protection & Awareness (ii) Scientific Management of Biodegradable & Non-Biodegradable Wastes (iii) Corals, Wildlife and Lagoon Conservation and (iv) Civil works & infrastructure developments (v)  Social Forestry.

 

Government of India, Ministry of Environment & Forests convened a National Conference of Environment & Forests Ministers along with all Forest Secretaries, Principal Chief Conservator of Forests and Chief Wildlife Warden in the month of August 2009.  During the conference the gatherings deeply expressed the inadequate and weakness of the front line forestry force.  In this respect Ministry ha been supplementing the endeavours of State / UT Forest departments to prepare a plan for adequate staff, modernization, improving the infrastructure, enhancing use of the modern technology and building capacity of the front line forest personals.  Representing Lakshadweep Union Territory, Hon'ble Administrator presented the difficulty of the Lakshadweep Union Territory due to the inadequate forest front line personals to implement various Acts, Laws, and Schemes etc. and presented the required front line staffs with comprehensive justifications.  Ministry approved and directed to incorporate and spread over the   in the Annual Plan in such away to streamline the department in accordance with the Forest Departments in other States / UTs.   Accordingly during this current Annual Plan new posts as presented by the Hon'ble Administrator during the conference had been incorporated in scheme No.(i) and (iii).

 

III. OUTLAY AT A GLANCE       :

(` in Lakhs)

Sl.

No.

Name of the Scheme

XIth Plan

2007-12

Annual Plan 2011-12

Proposed

Outlay

ACA,

if any

Total

1

Environment Protection and Awareness

266.71

50.00

0.00

50.00

2

Scientific Management of Biodegradable and Non Biodegradable Wastes

192.25

72.00

0.00

72.00

3

Corals, Wildlife and Lagoon Conservation

280.25

123.00

0.00

123.00

4

Civil Work

200.00

75.00

0.00

75.00

Total

939.21

320.00

0.00

320.00

 

IV. DETAILS OF SCHEMES      :

 

1. Scheme No.                          : 1501

 

2. Name of the schemes          : Environment Protection and Awareness

 

3. Whether continuing or new     : Continuing

 

4. Objectives of the scheme      :

 

The ecosystem of these islands has stabilized over the centuries and did not pose any danger to human life.  Population growth increases the environmental load irrespective of the rate of economic growth.   Rapid economic growth can intensify environmental degradation.  Therefore all the developmental activities must be in consonance with the delicate ecological balance.  The solution does not lie in slowing growth since slow growth also leads to its own form of environmental deterioration.  With rapid growth we can have the recourses to prevent and deal with environmental problems, but we must also ensure that rapid growth is environmentally benign.  This can be achieved through greater awareness, starting with school children, youths, planners and appropriate policies. 

 

            The department celebrating various National & International important days like Inter National Day of Biological Diversity, World Environment Day, International Ozone Day, Wildlife Week, World Earth Day and National Environment Month considering the importance of the day and to inculcate the tempo of environmental awareness, to inherit our rich tradition of having reverence for all forms of life and living in harmony with nature, know the challenge to strike a balance between conservation and development, rededicate ourselves to protect & conserve our rich natural heritage for generations to come and thus to remind that we are part of the natural ecosystem of which environment, forests & wildlife are equally important components and are in fact indispensable for human survival. 

 

a) (Component Name)                : General Cleaning Programs

 

i)  Whether continuing/new         : Continuing

 

ii) Description of the component            : To conduct massive cleaning campaigns of the islands by which is an awareness programs on clean & health and also to inherit the concept of cleanliness among general public.

 

iii) Achievement (if continuing)    : Every year cleaning programs are conducted in all the islands physical as well as financial targets are achieved

 

b) (Component Name)               : Sea Shore Plantation & Maintenance

 

i)  Whether continuing/new         : Continuing

 

ii) Description of the component            : To create a green belt around the islands with intention to prevent  sea erosion to some extent with the indigenous plants like scaviola, pemphis, thespecia, ipomoea etc. and enhance the ethnic beauty of the islands.  A special task had been taken to create vegetation in the newly accreted land near the Kavaratti entrance.  The financial commitment is to meet the labour components for creation of plantation on the said land.

 

iii) Achievement (if continuing)    : This was implemented in 7 islands & 8 km plantations were raised.

 

c) (Component Name)                : Collection of Books, Literature & Multimedia

 

i)  Whether continuing/new         : Continuing

 

ii) Description of the component            : For subscribing important periodicals and purchase of books related to Environment, Wildlife, and Waste management etc. for the head office and unit offices of the department along with collection and documentation of the local practices of olden days.

 

iii) Achievement (if continuing)    : Every year new books on Acts and other relevant awareness books and multimedia presentations are procured.

 

d) (Component Name)               : Awareness, Education, Capacity building, Extension & Local Camps

 

i)  Whether continuing/new         : Continuing

 

ii) Description of the component            : Awareness means explanation, making sense of something, assigning meaning to a phenomenon.  It is all about communication, helping those to understand each other that do not have a common language, building bridges between them.  It is needless to emphasis the participation of local people in ensuring conservation and management of coral reefs in a sustainable manner.  It is also proposed to catch user-friendly literatures, hoardings highlighting the useful roles played by coral reefs.

 

iii) Achievement (if continuing)    : Five seminars had been conducted

 

e) (Component Name)                : Posters & Palmlets

 

i)  Whether continuing/new         : Continuing

 

ii) Description of the component            : Number of posters and leaf lets are being published every year containing various themes on local environmental issues for public awareness

 

iii) Achievement (if continuing)    : 2000 poster issued

f) (Component Name)                : Wildlife awareness tour

 

i)  Whether continuing/new         : Continuing

 

ii) Description of the component            : Importance of protecting wild life should be taught to the people for protecting the resources in the islands.  It is possible only by showing them the practices followed in other parts of the country.   The objective of the component is to select few youth/ students and taking them to wild life sanctuaries/ national park in the mainland to inculcate knowledge on importance of wildlife.

 

iii) Achievement (if continuing)    : one tour to Kerela wildlife sanctuaries

 

g) (Component Name)               : Inter National Day for Biological Diversity

 

i)  Whether continuing/new         : Continuing

 

ii) Description of the component            : May 22nd celebrated as Inter National Day for Biological Diversity in every year world wide to commemorate the adoption of the text of the Convention of Biological Diversity, which is the total variety of life, apart from having aesthetic and recreational value, direct consumptive value in food, agriculture, medicine and industry.   To achieve the objectives of the themes proposed by the UNEP awareness programs are aimed to the Students, Youths, Women and Public by various methods

 

iii) Achievement (if continuing)    : Celebration is conducted in all the islands.

 

h) (Component Name)                : World Environment Day Celebration

 

i)  Whether continuing/new         : Continuing

 

ii) Description of the component            : June 5th is celebrated as World Environment Day in every year world wide to create awareness about the clean environment protecting on various topics aiming to the current facts creating the environmental problems and is being decided by the UNEP.  Awareness programs are aimed to the Students, Youths, Women and Public by various methods.

 

iii) Achievement (if continuing)    : Every year Celebration is conducted in all the islands by organizing various awareness activities by department in charges & physical as well as financial targets achieved

 

i) (Component Name)                 : Inter National Ozone Day

 

i)  Whether continuing/new         : Continuing

 

ii) Description of the component            : September 16th is celebrated as Inter National Ozone Day in every year world resulting in the signing of Montreal Protocol to reiterates our commitment to and offers an opportunity focus attention on protection of the ozone layer.  Awareness of Ozone is key to catalyse the general public to reduce to consumer pressure on ozone depleting substances (ODS) and there by ensuring the industries to adopt non OSD technologies. Awareness programs are aimed to the Students, Youths, Women and Public by various methods.

 

iii) Achievement (if continuing)    : Every year Celebration is conducted in all the islands by organizing various awareness activities by dept in charges and physical as well as financial targets achieved.

 

j) (Component Name)                 : National Wildlife Week

 

i)  Whether continuing/new         : Continuing

 

ii) Description of the component            : Wildlife Week is celebrated from 2nd to 8th October  coinciding with the Birth Anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi.  It provides an occasion to educate and involve the people and to motivate the youth towards the cause of nature conservation and also the fragile relation between the nature and wildlife and its significance for human survival.

 

iii) Achievement (if continuing)    : Every year Celebration is conducted in all the islands by organizing various awareness activities by dept in charges and physical as well as financial targets achieved.

 

k) (Component Name)                : Celebration of National Environment Month

 

i)  Whether continuing/new         : Continuing

 

ii) Description of the component            : Celebrated every year from 18th November to 17th December in Nation wide to create awareness about the clean environment and inculcate the message of healthy and pollution free living practices to the Students, Youths, Women and Public by various methods.

 

iii) Achievement (if continuing)    : Every year Celebration is conducted in all the islands by organizing various awareness activities by dept charges and physical as well as financial targets achieved.

 

l) (Component Name)                 : Celebration World Earth Day

 

i)  Whether continuing/new         : Continuing

 

ii) Description of the component            : Earth Day is celebrated every year in April 22nd  to increase public awareness of the environment. This celebration based on the premise that the planet earth is facing a grave crisis which only the people of earth can resolve and the delicate balance of nature, essential for our survival be saved through a global effort involving all of us.

 

iii) Achievement (if continuing)    :

 

5. Proposed out lay for Annual Plan 2011-2012 : ` 50.00 Lakhs

 

6. Target achievement during previous Annual Plan 2010-2011                                                    

(` in Lakhs)

Sl.

No.

Item/ Component

Unit

Physical

Financial

Target

Achi.

Target

Achi.

1

Wages

Nos

0

0

1.50

1.50

2.

Office Expense

Nos

0

0

2.00

2.00

3.

General Cleaning Programme

Nos

10

10

10.00

10.00

4

Seashore plantation/maintenance

Nos.

5

5

5.00

5.00

5

Books, Literatures & CDs

Nos

250

250

0.50

1.50

6

Awareness, Education, Capacity building  Extension and local camps

Nos

5

5

1.00

1.00

7

Posters & Pamphlets

Nos

200

200

0.50

0.50

8.

Wildlife awareness tour

Nos

1

1

2.50

2.50

9

Biological Diversity Day

Nos

10

10

2.50

2.50

10

World Environment day

Nos

10

10

2.50

2.50

11

International Ozone day

Nos

Nil

Nil

0.00

0.00

12

Wildlife Week

Nos

10

10

2.50

2.50

13

Environment month

Nos

Nil

Nil

0.00

0.00

14.

World Earth Day

Nos

Nil

Nil

0.00

0.00

Total

 

 

 

30.50

31.50

 

 

7. Target for Annual Plan 2011-2012 (Component as above)

(` in Lakhs)

Sl.

No.

Item/ Component

Unit

Phy.

Target

Financial Target

Amount

Major

Head

Minor

Head

Object

Head

Rev

Cap

Total

1

Posts

Nos

15

3435

60001

010001

1.50

 

1.50

2

Wages

Manday

2100

3435

60001

010002

3.50

 

3.50

3

Office Expense

Nos

10

3435

60001

010013

2.50

 

2.50

4

General Cleaning Programme

Nos

10

3435

60001

010050

19.00

 

19.00

5

Seashore plantation/ Rising of peoples nursery/ maintenance of medicinal plants and herbal gardens

Nil

Nil

3435

60001

010050

4.00

 

4.00

6

Books, Literatures & CDs

Nos

250

3435

60001

010050

0.50

 

0.50

7

Awareness, Education, Capacity building  Extension etc.

Nos

5

3435

60001

010050

1.00

 

1.00

8

Posters & Pamphlets

Nos

200

3435

60001

010050

0.50

 

0.50

9

Wildlife awareness tour

Nos

1

3435

60001

010050

2.50

 

2.50

10

Biological Diversity Day

Nos

10

3435

60001

010050

2.50

 

2.50

11

World Environment day

Nos

10

3435

60001

010050

2.50

 

2.50

12

International Ozone day

Nos

10

3435

60001

010050

2.50

 

2.50

13

Wildlife Week

Nos

10

3435

60001

010050

2.50

 

2.50

14

Environment month

Nos

10

3435

60001

010050

2.50

 

2.50

15

World Earth Day

Nos

10

3435

60001

010050

2.50

 

2.50

Total

 

 

 

 

 

50.00

0.00

50.00

 

8.  Post                        :

(` in Lakhs)

Sl.

No.

Designation

Pay

Band

Grade

Pay

Filled

Vacant

Proposed

No

Amt

No

Amt

No

Amt

1

Assistant Conservator of Forests

9300-34800

4600

 

 

 

 

2

0.20

2

Superintendent

9300-34800

4200

 

 

 

 

1

0.10

3

Accountant

9300-34800

4200

 

 

 

 

1

0.10

4

U.D.Clerk

5200-20200

2400

 

 

 

 

1

0.10

5

L. D. Clerk

5200-20200

1900

 

 

 

 

2

0.20

6

Stenographer

5200-20200

2400

 

 

 

 

2

0.20

7

Jeep Driver

5200-20200

1900

 

 

 

 

2

0.20

8

Peon

5200-20200

1800

 

 

 

 

4

0.40

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

15

1.50

 

9. Summary of Expenditure

(` in Lakhs)

Year

Estt.

GIA to

Panchayat

Other

GIA

Subsidy

Loan

Bldg.

Other than

Loan & Bldg.

Total

2011-12

1.50

 

 

 

 

 

48.50

50.00

 

10.  Foreign Exchange               : Nil

 

11. Remarks                              : Nil

 

@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@

 

1. Scheme No.                          : 1502

 

2. Name of the schemes          : Scientific Management of Biodegradable and Non Biodegradable Wastes     

 

3. Whether continuing or new     : Continuing

 

4. Objectives of the scheme      :

 

This scheme is formulated for the total eradication of the hazardous non biodegradable wastes like ploythene, plastic, pick up bags etc.  Waste generation being one of the crucial consequences of human life, requires special attention in these islands.  Because of the porous nature of the soil and also due to the higher water level there is ample chance of ground water pollution on account of accumulation of large quantities of non-biodegradable wastes.  Uncollected garbage is not only visually ugly, it also causes diseases.  Dumping garbage into landfills is not an attractive option in our land scarce islands and should be minimized. 

 

The use of thin plastic bags to pack and to carry various materials including house hold articles has become a common practice all over in Lakshadweep.  However the disposal of the waste plastic bags in large quantities has been a problem and is of great concern particularly in such a fragile ecology.   The mixing up of these waste plastic bags with other bio-degradable organic waste materials in the garbage has been the main cause of the problem. It is more appropriate to segregate wastes at home into recyclable products and sort out organic and inorganic waste and dispose of organic waste in local compost or vermiculture pits.  Therefore attempts should be made to educate all islanders for segregation of waste at point of origin, maximizing recycling and safe disposal of the rest.  The prohibition of the use of the thin plastic bags and pickup bags for packing and other common use should be enforced, so as to control this “undesirable waste material” from getting mixed up with the other organic garbage.  In case it is possible to find useful application for the waste plastic bags, there will be substantial scrap value for this waste product and therefore they will be collected and sold by interested persons, instead of being littered or thrown out in the dust bins or into the central depository.

 

Another major issue of solid waste is the absence of systematic sewerage system, most households have constructed soak pits for disposal of latrine waste.   Owing to acute pressure on the land, the soak pits have been constructed very close to the open wells.   The soil being sandy and porous and the soak pits had been constructed rather unscientifically, faecal matter from the soak pits finds its way into the water in the open wells.   This makes the available water supply unsafe and has been generally accepted to the main reason behind the high rate of waterborne diseases including acute diarrhea prevalent in the islands.  The scarcity of pure drinking water is the major crisis that the inhabitants of the Lakshadweep Islands are facing.  Therefore it is envisaged that all the Islands should have proper facility to purify the contaminated water from soak pits.

 

a) (Component Name)                : Collection and disposal of Non Biodegradable Wastes

 

i)  Whether continuing/new         : Continuing

 

ii) Description of the component            : This component of the scheme is transferred to Village (Dweep) Panchayat for proper implementation by providing Grant in Aid in every year.   Department had also provided waste bins for the collection and power tiller for transportation of wastes.

 

iii) Achievement (if continuing)    : Collection was monitored by department & fulfilled achievements

 

b) (Component Name)               : Operation of power tiller

 

i)  Whether continuing/new         : Continuing

 

ii) Description of the component            : For the purpose of collection of non-biodegradable wastes from the waste bins placed in various corners in the islands the power tiller are being used.  In order to maintain running cost of the power tiller the component is proposed

 

iii) Achievement (if continuing)    : Collection was carried out properly

 

c) (Component Name)                : Procurement of Tempo Van

 

i)  Whether continuing/new         : Continuing

 

ii) Description of the component            : The power tiller being used for collection of wastes were purchased very earlier.  It requires frequent repair and maintenance which resulting in to the interruption of waste collection.  In order to maintain smooth and fast collection of wastes the convenient type of Tempo Van is proposed

 

iii) Achievement (if continuing)    : Collection was carried out properly

 

d) (Component Name)               : Procurement / Replacement of Waste bins

 

i)  Whether continuing/new         : Continuing

 

ii) Description of the component            : Waste bins are placed are very old and few are also damaged due the various reasons.  Repeated requests from various islands are received to provide additional number of waste bins to cover more areas of the islands for waste collection. It is with the intention to provide additional number of bins and to replace the aged and damaged bins

 

iii) Achievement (if continuing)    : 655 nos of .waste bins are provided to various islands.

 

e) (Component Name)                : Engagement of Environment Assistants for supervision of Collection & disposal of biodegradable and non- biodegradable wastes

 

i)  Whether continuing/new         : Continuing

 

ii) Description of the component            : Engaging the  educated graduates to supervise the waste collection/implementing departmental programmes and schemes, were the department staffs are not available ie Amini, Kalpeni, Chetlat, Minicoy & Bitra on contract basis. It is with the intention to provide a neat and clean environment in the islands

 

iii) Achievement (if continuing)    :

 

5. Proposed out lay for Annual Plan 2011-2012 : ` 72.00 Lakhs

 

6. Target achievement during previous Annual Plan 2010-2011                                                    

(` in Lakhs)

Sl.

No.

Item/ Component

Unit

Physical

Financial

Target

Achi.

Target

Achi.

1

Collection & disposal of non-biodegradable wastes

Wages/ DTE/ OE

Collection

Operation of power tiller

Procurement of Tempo Van

island

10

10

35.10

35.10

2.

Procurement of waste bins

No.

655

655

10.00

10.00

Total

 

 

 

45.10

45.10

 

7. Target for Annual Plan 2011-2012 (Component as above)

(` in Lakhs)

Sl.

No.

Item/ Component

Unit

Phy.

Target

Financial Target

Amount

Major

Head

Minor

Head

Object

Head

Rev

Cap

Total

1

Procurement / Replace-ment of Waste bins

Nos

 

3435

60001

010050

12.00

 

12.00

2

Engagement of Environment Assistants for supervision of  Collection & disposal of biodegradable and  non-biodegradable wastes

Nos

5

3435

60001

010050

10.00

 

10.00

3

Collection, Storage & disposal of non-biodegradable wastes

Wages/ DTE/ OE

Collection of  wastes/ Composite pits/  Operation of power tiller/  Procure-ment of Tempo Van

Island

10

3435

60198

010031

50.00

 

50.00

Total

 

 

 

 

 

72.00

0.00

72.00

8.  Post                        :

(` in Lakhs)

Sl.

No.

Designation

Pay

Band

Grade

Pay

Filled

Vacant

Proposed

No

Amt

No

Amt

No

Amt

1

Nil

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

0

0.00

 

9. Summary of Expenditure

(` in Lakhs)

Year

Estt.

GIA to

Panchayat

Other

GIA

Subsidy

Loan

Bldg.

Other than

Loan & Bldg.

Total

2011-12

 

50.00

 

 

 

 

22.00

72.00

 

10.  Foreign Exchange               : Nil

 

11. Remarks                              : Nil

 

@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@

 

1. Scheme No.                          : 1503

 

2. Name of the schemes          : Corals, Wildlife and Lagoon Conservation

 

3. Whether continuing or new     : Continuing

 

4. Objectives of the scheme      :

 

            The scheme is formulated for the protection and conservation of fragile and pristine ecosystem of Lakshadweep. Coral reefs are the most dynamic ecosystem providing shelter and nourishment to thousands of marine flora and fauna. They are the rain forests in the sea in terms of its productivity. The recent studies revealed that they are more productive in primary and secondary levels of biomass than an evergreen forest.   They are protectors of the coast lines and coastal populations.  Coral reefs provide habitat, breeding ground and shelter for many commercially important fish species along with other organisms. Coral reefs are ecologically sensitive area and categorized them as CRZ-1 which implies that these areas are afforded protection of the highest order.  More over all corals with many of its associated animals are classified under Schedule I of the Wildlife (Protection) Act. 

 

            The coral reefs exhibit extra ordinary biodiversity.  Due to these high biodiversity and economic value, coral reefs are facing an unlimited & very high stress of disturbance, pollutions, over fishing, walking over reefs, local site seeing, tourism, scuba diving, cowry pickers, octopus hunters etc besides the natural threats.  All these unsustainable practices had already leads the loss of biodiversities from the reefs. A proper management plan has to adopt the sustainable use of this natural resource which can restore the deteriorated parts.

           

            Cleaning campaigns of the islands were undertaken with the help of NGOs and Panchayats. Regular lagoon cleaning is being carried out for keeping intact considering the biodiversity of the lagoons.   This department declared Pitti Island as bird Sanctuary. The provisions of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, The Environment Protection Act, 1986, etc. are also enforced in the islands for the protection of the environment

 

a) (Component Name)                : Procurement of Computers / Photocopier/ fax

 

i)  Whether continuing/new         : Continuing

 

ii) Description of the component            : This is to provide Computers to the Unit Office and up gradation or replacement of very old computers placed in the DCFs office. Procurement of a new model photocopier to DCFs office.  Fax machine to all the unit offices.  It is also envisaged to provide UPS to the DCFs office and Unit Offices. So far no UPS is available and is very essential to long life of the computers.

iii) Achievement (if continuing)    : 2 nos of Computers procured and provided to two Unit Offices.

 

b) (Component Name)               : Procurement of Speed boat

 

i)  Whether continuing/new         : Continuing

 

ii) Description of the component            : The scheme is proposed for procurement and placing of speed boats for unit office for patrolling in the lagoons/sanctuaries, etc.  A proposal also exists to create a sanctuary in Bangaram islands.  Faster boats are also essential to for making regular patrolling in Pitti bird sanctuary.  A dump barge providing all facilities is to be stationed near Pitti island with guard especially during nesting season to stop poaching activities.

 

iii) Achievement (if continuing)    : Nil

 

c) (Component Name)                : Lagoon Cleaning

 

i)  Whether continuing/new         : Continuing

 

ii) Description of the component            : The islanders are more dependent of the lagoons and coral reefs for their lively hood. Therefore is very essential to keep the lagoons a hygienic one for the growth of corals and associated flora and fauna.  The non-biodegradable wastes disposed in the lagoons will be collected and brought to the central depository.

 

iii) Achievement (if continuing)    : Every year lagoon cleanings are conducted with the help of NGOs, labourers in all the islands.

 

d) (Component Name)               : Procurement of Communication Equipments

 

i)  Whether continuing/new         : Continuing

 

ii) Description of the component            : The department is operating the Pablo boats to various islands for environmental inspection. Wireless communication system is essential for patrolling near the Bird sanctuary for easy surveillance. In order to maintain a close contact with shore at the time of running the boats, the scheme is proposed.

 

iii) Achievement (if continuing)    : HF – VHF sets are purchased

 

e) (Component Name)                : Maintenance of boats /Procurement of Equipments

 

i)  Whether continuing/new         : Continuing

 

ii) Description of the component            : It is meant to procure the articles required for the maintenance of departmental boats, engine spare parts HSD oil etc and other office machineries.

 

iii) Achievement (if continuing)    : Necessary maintenance and HSD oil were procured.

 

f) (Component Name)                : Procurement of Maruthi Gipsy / Motor vehicle

 

i)  Whether continuing/new         : Continuing

 

ii) Description of the component            : It is meant to procure a Maruthi Gipsy for DCF for his field inspections and maintenance of old jeep.  New Motor cycles are proposed for the Environment Warden for effective implementation of Acts and laws.

 

iii) Achievement (if continuing)    : Necessary maintenance is being done

 

g) (Component Name)               : Establishment of a Marine Interpretation Centre Conservation/ community Reserve/ preparation of coral reef management plan etc

 

i)  Whether continuing/new         : Continuing

ii) Description of the component            : Most of the islanders may not be knowing the important of their surroundings; which protecting them from the greater disasters and supports of their economic well being.  Therefore a very good Marine Interpretation Center is highly essential to educate islanders about their own ecosystem.  So far a proper management plan had not been prepared for the improvement of the coral reefs around Lakshadweep. A scientific organization like ZSI/NIO/CESS/ may be involved for the preparation of a proper management plan.

 

iii) Achievement (if continuing)    : Necessary maintenance is being done.

 

h) (Component Name)                : Procurement of Mask & Snorkels/ bootees/ fins/ underwater camera

 

i)  Whether continuing/new         : Continuing

 

ii) Description of the component            : This component is to procure above items for using to create awareness among the people, students etc. These items also to use for the survey and demarcation of the corals etc.  This also wildly used for the  lagoon cleaning process.

 

iii) Achievement (if continuing)    : It is proposed and anticipated to procure digital camera

 

i) (Component Name)                 : Procurement of binoculars and survey equipments

 

i)  Whether continuing/new         : Continuing

 

ii) Description of the component            : This component is to procure binoculars for using to watch migratory birds from long distance.  Also will be used in open sea while patrolling. This is also essential for the Environment Warden for effective implementation of Acts and laws.

 

iii) Achievement (if continuing)    : Proposed and anticipated to procure one no.

 

j) (Component Name)                 : Procurement of  LCD projector/T.V/VCD etc

 

i)  Whether continuing/new         : Continuing

 

ii) Description of the component            : It is proposed to procure LCD projector on in each year to all islands for using to create awareness among the people, students etc while conducting seminars and other programmes.

 

iii) Achievement (if continuing)    : Proposed and anticipated to procure one no.

 

k) (Component Name)                : Enforcement of Acts / Laws

 

i)  Whether continuing/new         : New

 

ii) Description of the component            : All the islands Environment Wardens are posted and the posts of supporting staff had not been sanctioned.  There is very great difficulty to enforce the laws without any supporting.  For watch and ward, keep informing the illegal activities, removal of collected shingles / boulders etc, man power is highly essential.  Therefore laboures may be engaged for assisting Environment Warden in watch & ward till the creation of regular posts.

 

iii) Achievement (if continuing)    :

 

l) (Component Name)                 : Uniforms and other liveries

 

i)  Whether continuing/new         : New

 

ii) Description of the component            : Forest Officers and frontline staffs are uniformed employees. As part of streamlining the Lakshadweep forest department on par with other States/UT forest departments proposed to create new posts. During filling these posts uniform has to be provided, for which a token provision is proposed.

 

iii) Achievement (if continuing)    :

 

m) (Component Name)               : Management/ preparation of management action plan of Pitti bird Sanctuary

 

i)  Whether continuing/new         : New

 

ii) Description of the component            : Pitti Bird Sanctuary is the only Sanctuary present in the island. For the management and protection required proper management plan and same may be prepared by getting assistance from reputed instructions like ZSI, NIO/ WII/ BNHS.

 

iii) Achievement (if continuing)    :

 

5. Proposed out lay for Annual Plan 2011-2012 : ` 123.00 Lakhs

 

6. Target achievement during previous Annual Plan 2010-2011                                                    

(` in Lakhs)

Sl.

No.

Item/ Component

Unit

Physical

Financial

Target

Achi.

Target

Achi.

1

Wages

Manday

1500

1500

1.00

1.00

2.

Procurement of computers / Fax

4

4

4

2.00

2.00

3.

Procurement of Speed boat

Nos

2

2

15.00

15.00

4

Lagoon cleaning

Nos

10

10

12.40

12.40

5

Procurement of communication equipments

Nos

6

6

0.50

0.50

6

Running and maintenance of boats

Nos

4 nos

4 nos

2.00

2.00

7

Procurement of /Maruti gypsy / Motor Cycle.

No

8

8

4.00

4.00

8.

Establishment of Marine Interpretation Centre

No

1

1

0.00

0.00

9

Procurement of Mask & Snorkels / bootees / fins / underwater camera

Nos

25

25

0.50

0.50

10

Procurement of binoculars

Nos

2

2

0.50

0.50

11

Procurement of  LCD projector

No

3

3

0.50

0.50

12

Enforcement of Acts / Laws

 

10

10

2.00

2.00

13

Uniforms and other liveries

Nos.

100

100

1.00

1.00

Total

 

 

 

41.40

41.40

 

7. Target for Annual Plan 2011-2012 (Component as above)

(` in Lakhs)

Sl.

No.

Item/ Component

Unit

Phy.

Target

Financial Target

Amount

Major

Head

Minor

Head

Object

Head

Rev

Cap

Total

1

Posts

Nos

52

3435

60001

010001

2.00

 

2.00

2

Wages

Manday

3500

3435

60001

010002

5.00

 

5.00

3

Procurement/ maintenance of computers/ Scanner/ Fax/ UPS/ Invertors, etc

Nos

4

3435

60001

010050

2.00

 

2.00

4

Procurement of Speed boat, fuel, spare parts charge & maintenance

Nos

2

3435

60001

010050

35.00

 

35.00

5

Lagoon/beach cleaning

Nos

10

3435

60001

010050

10.00

 

10.00

6

Procurement of communication & survey equipment

Nos

6

3435

60001

010050

2.00

 

2.00

7

Running of boats, fuel, spare parts charges and maintenance etc

Nos

4

3435

60001

010050

5.00

 

5.00

8

Procurement of car/ jeep / Motor Cycle and running & maintenance

Nos

8

3435

60001

010050

10.00

 

10.00

9

Establishment of a Marine Interpretation Centre/ Conservation/ community Reserve/ preparation of coral reef management plan etc

No

2

3435

60001

010050

10.00

 

10.00

10

Procurement of Dive equipments/ tank/ breathing equipments/ jackets/ Mask/ Snorkels/ bootees/ fins/ underwater camera

Nos

25

3435

60001

010050

10.00

 

10.00

11

Procurement of binoculars /field survey equipment etc

Nos

2

3435

60001

010050

2.00

 

2.00

12

Procurement of  LCD projector/ TV/ VCD and other audio visual materials etc

Nos

3

3435

60001

010050

5.00

 

5.00

13

Enforcement of Acts/ Laws. etc

Nos

10

3435

60001

010050

10.00

 

10.00

14

Uniforms & other liveries

Nos

10

3435

60001

010050

5.00

 

5.00

15

Management/ prepa-ration of management action plan of Pitti bird Sanctuary

Nos

1

3435

60001

010050

10.00

 

10.00

Total

 

 

 

 

 

123.00

0.00

123.00

 

8.  Post                        :

(` in Lakhs)

Sl.

No.

Designation

Pay

Band

Grade

Pay

Filled

Vacant

Proposed

No

Amt

No

Amt

No

Amt

1

Assistant Conservator of Forests

9300-34800

4600

 

 

 

 

2

0.50

2

Range Officer/ Environment Warden

9300-34800

4200

 

 

 

 

5

0.50

3

Forester

5200-20200

2400

 

 

 

 

14

0.50

4

Guards

3200 -6700

 

 

 

 

 

31

0.50

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

52

2.00

 

9. Summary of Expenditure

(` in Lakhs)

Year

Estt.

GIA to

Panchayat

Other

GIA

Subsidy

Loan

Bldg.

Other than

Loan & Bldg.

Total

2011-12

2.00

 

 

 

 

 

121.00

123.00

 

10.  Foreign Exchange               : Nil

 

11. Remarks                              : Nil

 

@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@

 

1. Scheme No.                          : 1504

 

2. Name of the schemes          : Civil Works

 

3. Whether continuing or new     : Continuing

 

4. Objectives of the scheme      :

 

            The Department of Environment and Forests has country's most valuable resources at its disposal and has the responsibility of protecting them.  Protection of natural resources requires a strong infrastructure at the disposal of protecting agency.  The Ministry of Environment & Forests has resolved to protect and improve the natural resources of the country through creation of infrastructure such as buildings, wireless equipments, vehicles, arms etc.  Working plans for scientific management of natural resources, boundary demarcation for prevention of encroachments, control of pests and diseases, promotion of natural regeneration etc will be undertaken on priority.   Lakshadweep Islands are very sensitive in nature.  Coral reefs around it, lagoon and the land are having a peculiar, unique and very fragile ecosystem.  Any disturbance may cause collapse of entire ecosystem.  This system has to be protected with prime important since environmental safe guards are the base line of the survival of islands.  There are many endangered species living in and around the islands.

 

            The Department of Environment and Forests, Lakshadweep has to implement the Wild Life Protection Act, Environment Protection Act, Pollution Control Acts, Costal Zone Management Plan etc along with many other routine activities.  The existing Infrastructure is grossly inadequate due to paucity of funds and staff to deal with the task of these natural resources conservation and protection.  Only six Environment Wardens headed by one Deputy Conservator of Forests located in Kavaratti, Kiltan, Kalpeni, Kadmat and Androth without any supporting field staff is the great constrain to execute the protection activities in whole Lakshadweep.  Posts of Environment Warden have to be created with adequate supporting frontline staff for full fledged activities of departments for the protection, preservation and conservation of these fragile ecosystems. 

 

            The department has no permanent office in Kavaratti to accommodate Deputy Conservator of Forests with Environment Wardens.  The department is functioning in one room in the office of the Superintendent of Police with high congestion.  In spite of repeated quotations invited for a private office accommodation, nobody had responded due to the small Government building rates

 

a) (Component Name)                : Purchase of Land & Construction of Directorate of Environment & Forests

 

i)  Whether continuing/new         : Continuing

 

ii) Description of the component            : Since then the establishment of Department of Environment & Forests in 1999, the Directorate of Environment & Forests is functioning in private building and a huge expenditure is being incurred on rent.  A separate and permanent building for the Directorate of Environment & Forests is very essential

 

iii) Achievement (if continuing)    : Nil

 

b) (Component Name)               : Purchase of Land & Construction of Conference Hall cum guest house

 

i)  Whether continuing/new         : Continuing

 

ii) Description of the component            : The department is conducting number of seminars, conferences, workshops, meetings, etc. as part of the Environmental Awareness Programmes.  Also inviting lot of guests and resource persons for these programmes.  Hence, the department proposes for a separate conference Hall cum Guest House for this purpose.

 

iii) Achievement (if continuing)    : Nil

 

c) (Component Name)                : Purchase of Land & Construction of Unit Offices

 

i)  Whether continuing/new         : Continuing

 

ii) Description of the component            : The Unit Offices of the Department of Environment & Forests in the islands are functioning in very congested buildings on rented basis.  A suitable offices for our Units is also essential.

 

iii) Achievement (if continuing)    : Nil

 

5. Proposed out lay for Annual Plan 2011-2012 : ` 75.00 Lakhs

 

6. Target achievement during previous Annual Plan 2010-2011                                                    

(` in Lakhs)

Sl.

No.

Item/ Component

Unit

Physical

Financial

Target

Achi.

Target

Achi.

1

Purchase of Land & Construction of Directorate of Environment & Forests

Nil

1

1

30.00

30.00

2.

Purchase of Land & Construction of Conference Hall cum guest house

Nil

1

1

0.00

0.00

3.

Purchase of Land & Construction of  Unit  Offices

4

Nil

Nil

3.00

3.00

Total

 

 

 

33.00

33.00

 

7. Target for Annual Plan 2011-2012 (Component as above)

(` in Lakhs)

Sl.

No.

Item/ Component

Unit

Phy.

Target

Financial Target

Amount

Major

Head

Minor

Head

Object

Head

Rev

Cap

Total

1

Purchase of Land & Construction of Directorate of Environment & Forests

Nos

1

5425

00208

020053

 

50.00

50.00

2

Purchase of Land & Construction of Unit  Offices

Nos

5

5425

00208

020053

 

25.00

25.00

Total

 

 

 

 

 

0.00

75.00

75.00

 

8.  Post                        :

(` in Lakhs)

Sl.

No.

Designation

Pay

Band

Grade

Pay

Filled

Vacant

Proposed

No

Amt

No

Amt

No

Amt

1

Nil

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

0

0.00

 

9. Summary of Expenditure

(` in Lakhs)

Year

Estt.

GIA to

Panchayat

Other

GIA

Subsidy

Loan

Bldg.

Other than

Loan & Bldg.

Total

2011-12

 

 

 

 

 

75.00

 

75.00

 

10.  Foreign Exchange               : Nil

 

11. Remarks                              : Nil

 

 

@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@

@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@

@@@@@@@@@@

@@@@@