I. NAME OF THE SECTOR                    : 26. WATER SUPPLY AND SANITATION

 

II. INTRODUCTION OF THE SECTOR    :

 

Lakshadweep Public Work Department is the construction agency for the Administration and for the other Central Government Organizations functioning in Lakshadweep. Apart from the construction of the buildings for various departments, the PWD is also dealing directly with various sectors such as Water Supply, Flood Control, Road & Bridges, Housing & Urban Development.

 

Water supply Scheme has been introduced in all the islands in Lakshadweep, but the supply is partial in quantity. The only natural source of water is ground water. Quantity of ground water is limited and the quality is disturbed by sea water intuition and the lack of proper sanitation net work. There for to meet the requirements of drinking water in islands it has to be supplemented with Desalination Plants and rain water harvesting tanks. Regarding quality the regular monitoring is essential.

           

In the XI five year plan period construction of 150 tanks, setting up of 3 more LTTD plants after the completion of the installation of  6 desalination plants, Augmentation of water supply schemes, and to strengthen the water quality monitoring system up gradation of water quality testing laboratory has been proposed.        As on today we do not have any sewage treatment plant in this territory and the conventional type of sewage treatment plants are not suitable, a pilot project developed by Center for Earth science Studies Thiruvananthapuram & the implementation of system is proposed in XI plan.

 

            Installation of 3 LTTD plants targeted in annual plan 2010-11 are in progress may be finished during the plan period. All other works proposed in annual plan are in progress & target may achieve. Project proposal for up gradation of water quality testing laboratory was submitted to the ministry.

 

Water supply has been introduced in all the islands in Lakshadweep, but the supply is partial in quantity.  There is no village/islands in the group of Lakshadweep category of not covered.  The natural source of water is ground water which is being replenished by rain mainly during the south west monsoon even this sub soil water is available in one of the island namely Bitra. In this particular island water supply is managed through rain water harvesting system.  Even in the other islands full requirement of water cannot be met with from the ground water.  Therefore, it has to be supplemented with Desalination Plants and rain water harvesting system.  Hence this scheme is a combination of all these three sources. 

 

            As on today we have do not have any centralized sewage treatment plant in this territory.  The conventional types of sewage treatment plants are not suitable to this territory considering its geographical and geological condition.   

 

III. OUTLAY AT A GLANCE       :

(` in Lakhs)

Sl.

No.

Name of the Scheme

XIth Plan

2007-12

Annual Plan 2011-12

Proposed

Outlay

ACA,

if any

Total

1

Providing protected Water Supply in Lakshadweep

4278.30

2260.00

0.00

2260.00

2

Sewage Disposal & Control of Water Pollution in Lakshadweep Islands

150.00

30.00

0.00

30.00

Total

4428.30

2290.00

0.00

2290.00

 

IV. DETAILS OF SCHEMES      :

 

1. Scheme No.                          : 2601

 

2. Name of the schemes          : Providing protected water supply in Lakshadweep

 

3. Whether continuing or new     : Continuing

 

4. Objectives of the scheme (Separately for each component)

a) (Component Name)                : Augmentation of water supply scheme in islands

 

i)  Whether continuing/new         : Continuing

 

ii) Description of the component            : Water Supply scheme has been introduced in all the islands in Lakshadweep, but the supply is not sufficient in quantity. Water is supplied through stand pipes on the streets. It is proposed to provide house hold tap connection to all the house holds in a phased manner and to begin with it is proposed to provide house hold connections to all houses at Kavaratti during the year. Construction of additional tanks, wells, extension /replacement of pipelines etc. are to be to carried out during the year in all the islands.

 

iii) Achievement (if continuing)    :

 

b) (Component Name)               : Installation seawater Desalination Plants (LTTD) in all Islands

 

i)  Whether continuing/new         : Continuing

 

ii) Description of the component            : The total requirement of water is around 25 lakh liters per day but availability of ground water is very limited. Increase in population has put additional load on ground water extraction which is causing salinity, intrusion of sea water in fresh water lens, there by ground water has become scarce and saline. It is not possible to harvest rain water to meet the balance requirement as the islands are very small and covered green area is more than 80%.  Desalination is not only an attractive and practical option but also a safe method where water to the extent of several lakh litres per day (depending on the plant capacity) can be produced. Now the Administration is in the process of setting up of Low Temperature Thermal Desalination Plant in 6 islands and it is proposed to install 2 desalination plants during this year.

 

iii) Achievement (if continuing)    :

 

c) (Component Name)                : Augmentation/ Networking of distribution system to LTTD Plant in the islands

 

i)  Whether continuing/new         : Continuing

 

ii) Description of the component            : In the capital island Kavaratti; NIOT Chennai has installed one lakh litre capacity per day desalination plant and the installation work is in progress at Agatti, Andrott, and Minicoy.  The Administration proposed to install similar plants in the remaining islands also to meet the urgent requirements in a phased manner

 

iii) Achievement (if continuing)    :

 

d) (Component Name)               : Community/ Individual rain water harvesting structure

 

i)  Whether continuing/new         : Continuing

 

ii) Description of the component            : The only natural source of water is ground water which is being replenished by rain mainly during the south west monsoon. Even this sub soil water is not available in one of the islands, namely Bitra and water supply is provided by harvesting rain water. It is not possible to harvest rain water to meet the full requirement because the islands are very small and covered green area is more than 80%. Substantial number of Rain Water Tanks has been constructed and it is proposed to construct 100 numbers tanks during year.

 

iii) Achievement (if continuing)    :

 

e) (Component Name)                : Up-gradation of Water Quality Testing Lab Kvt to State Level Lab

 

i)  Whether continuing/new         : Continuing

 

ii) Description of the component            : At present 9 Nos Laboratories are functioning one in each island except Bitra with minimum facilities. Now the Administration is in the process of setting up of LTTD Plants in each island and the amount required for the plant has already been deposited with NIOT and the plants will be installed within one year.  Therefore it is decided to set up a state level laboratory with modern equipments and facilities at Kavaratti to ensure the quality of water, monitoring and proper co-ordination among the laboratories in other islands.

 

iii) Achievement (if continuing)    :

 

5. Proposed out lay for Annual Plan 2011-2012 : ` 2260.00 Lakhs

 

6. Target achievement during previous Annual Plan 2010-2011                                                    

(` in Lakhs)

Sl.

No.

Item/ Component

Unit

Physical

Financial

Target

Achi.

Target

Achi.

1

Posts

Nos

203

0

2.00

0.00

2.

Augmentation of water supply scheme in islands a. C/o Over head tank, Sump, Pump House Well etc.. b. Extension/ Replacement of existing pipe lines.  c. Providing of House connection in islands.

Island

10

10

120.00

120.00

3.

Installation of sea water Desalination Plants (LTTD) in all islands

Nos

3

-

1000.00

1000.00

4

Augmentation/ Net working distribution system to LTTD Plants in Islands

Island

 

-

198.00

200.00

5

Community/ Individual rain water harvesting structure

Nos

10

-

180.00

180.00

6

Up-gradation of Water Quality Testing Lab Kvt to State Level Lab

Nos

1

-

200.00

200.00

7

Creation of Water Supply Division at Kvt & Sub Division at Baypore 2 Section at Delhi & Mangalore.

Nos

4

 

300.00

300.00

Total

 

 

 

2000.00

2000.00

 

7. Target for Annual Plan 2011-2012 (Component as above)

(` in Lakhs)

Sl.

No.

Item/ Component

Unit

Phy.

Target

Financial Target

Amount

Major

Head

Minor

Head

Object

Head

Rev

Cap

Total

1

Posts

Nos

203

2215

01001

010001

2.00

0.00

2.00

2

Augmentation of water supply scheme in islands (a) C/o Over head tank, Sump, Pump House Well etc. (b) Extension/ Replacement of existing pipelines (c) Providing of House connection in islands

Island

10

4215

01102

020053

 

330.00

330.00

3

Installation of (LTTD) seawater Desalination Plants  in islands

Nos

2

4215

01102

020053

 

1000.00

1000.00

4

Operation and Mainte-nance of Desalination Plant at Kavaratti

No

1

4215

01102

020053

 

200.00

200.00

5

Water supply distribu-tion networks at Agatti

Nos

1

4215

01102

020053

 

100.00

100.00

6

Community/ Individual rainwater harvesting structure

Nos

100

4215

01102

020053

 

228.00

228.00

7

Up-gradation of Water Quality Testing Lab Kvt to State Level Lab

No

1

4215

01102

020053

 

100.00

100

8

Creation of Water Supply Division at Kvt & Sub Division at Baypore 2 Section at Delhi & Mangalore.

Nos

4

4215

01102

020053

 

100.00

100.00

9

Payment of land Compensation at Amini ,Kiltan, Kadmat, Chetlath and Kalpeni

Nos

5

4215

01102

020053

 

200.00

200.00

Total

 

 

 

 

 

2.00

2258.00

2260.00

 

8.  Post                        :

(` in Lakhs)

Sl.

No.

Designation

Pay

Band

Grade

Pay

Filled

Vacant

Proposed

No

Amt

No

Amt

No

Amt

1

Executive Engineer

15600-39100

6600

 

 

 

 

1

0.01

2

Asst. Engineer

9300-34800

4600

 

 

 

 

4

0.04

3

Asst. Surveyor of Work

9300-34800

4600

 

 

 

 

1

0.01

4

Junior Engineer (Mech.)

9300-34800

4200

 

 

 

 

9

0.09

5

Junior Engineer (Ele)

9300-34800

4200

 

 

 

 

9

0.09

6

Junior Engineer (Civil)

9300-34800

4200

 

 

 

 

5

0.05

7

Chief Chemist

9300-34800

4200

 

 

 

 

1

0.01

8

Head Clerk

9300-34800

4200

 

 

 

 

1

0.01

9

SAS/ Divisional Accountant

9300-34800

4200

 

 

 

 

1

0.01

10

Draughtsman Gr.II

9300-34800

4200

 

 

 

 

1

0.01

11

Draughtsman Gr.III

5200-20200

2400

 

 

 

 

2

0.02

12

Lab Assistant

5200-20200

2400

 

 

 

 

5

0.05

13

U.D. Clerk

5200-20200

2400

 

 

 

 

4

0.04

14

Stenographer Gr.III

5200-20200

2400

 

 

 

 

1

0.01

15

L.D. Clerk

5200-20200

1900

 

 

 

 

10

0.10

16

Operator

5200-20200

1900

 

 

 

 

108

1.05

17

Plumber

5200-20200

2400

 

 

 

 

9

0.09

18

Daftry

5200-20200

1800

 

 

 

 

1

0.01

19

Helper (Plant)

5200-20200

1800

 

 

 

 

18

0.18

20

Helper (Lab)

5200-20200

1800

 

 

 

 

5

0.05

21

Peon

5200-20200

1800

 

 

 

 

4

0.04

22

Chowkidar

5200-20200

1800

 

 

 

 

3

0.03

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

203

2.00

 

9. Summary of Expenditure

(` in Lakhs)

Year

Estt.

GIA to

Panchayat

Other

GIA

Subsidy

Loan

Bldg.

Other than

Loan & Bldg.

Total

2011-12

2.00

 

 

 

 

2258.00

 

2260.00

 

10.  Foreign Exchange               : Nil

11. Remarks                              : Nil

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1. Scheme No.                          : 2601

 

2. Name of the schemes          : Solid Waste Management and Construction of Scientific Sewage System

 

3. Whether continuing or new     : Continuing

4. Objectives of the scheme (Separately for each component)

 

a) (Component Name)                : Sewage disposal & control of water pollution in Lakshadweep Island

 

i)  Whether continuing/new         : Continuing

 

ii) Description of the component            : There is no arrangement for disposal of solid/liquid wastes which at present get discharged into the open sea/lagoon directly/indirectly.  The quantity of wastes is also increasing with increase in population. Since the area of the islands is very small and land mass very porous the septic tanks set up in the past have not proved very useful. There are more than 600 septic tanks and leach pits in an area of 3.63 sq.Km in Kavaratti. The septic tanks, leach pits and water  wells are located within a distance of 5 m to 25 m. which  leads to mixing of waste water from the septic tanks with fresh water which if not checked could lead to serious consequences.  Such a situation is also going to severely damage the marine life in the long run thereby affecting the ecology of the island.  It is, therefore, imperative to establish sewage disposal systems in all the islands and ensure that all solid/liquid wastes are disposed off only in an eco-friendly manner. 

 

iii) Achievement (if continuing)    :

 

5. Proposed out lay for Annual Plan 2011-2012 : ` 30.00 Lakhs

 

6. Target achievement during previous Annual Plan 2010-2011                                                    

(` in Lakhs)

Sl.

No.

Item/ Component

Unit

Physical

Financial

Target

Achi.

Target

Achi.

1

Construction of sewage treatment Plant

Island

0

0

0.00

0.00

Total

 

 

 

0.00

0.00

 

7. Target for Annual Plan 2011-2012 (Component as above)

(` in Lakhs)

Sl.

No.

Item/ Component

Unit

Phy.

Target

Financial Target

Amount

Major

Head

Minor

Head

Object

Head

Rev

Cap

Total

1

Construction of Sewage Treatment Plant

Island

1

4215

01102

020053

 

30.00

30.00

Total

 

 

 

 

 

0.00

30.00

30.00

 

8.  Post                        :

(` in Lakhs)

Sl.

No.

Designation

Pay

Band

Grade

Pay

Filled

Vacant

Proposed

No

Amt

No

Amt

No

Amt

1

Nil

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

0

0.00

 

9. Summary of Expenditure

(` in Lakhs)

Year

Estt.

GIA to

Panchayat

Other

GIA

Subsidy

Loan

Bldg.

Other than

Loan & Bldg.

Total

2011-12

 

 

 

 

 

30.00

 

30.00

 

10.  Foreign Exchange               : Nil

 

11. Remarks                              : Nil

 

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