Location, area and population


Lakshadweep, the tiniest Union Territory of India, is an archipelago consisting of 12 attols, 3 reefs and 6 newly formed/ submerged sand banks Comprised of - 11 inhabited islands, 16 uninhabited islands; six newly formed/ submerged sand banks and 3 reefs. 

The Inhabited islands are Kavaratti, Agatti, Bangaram, Amini, Kadmat, Kiltan, Chetlat, Bitra, Andrott, Kalpeni and Minicoy.  Bitra is the smallest of all having only a population of 267 (Census 2001).

                   It is a single district Union Territory with an area of 32 Sq.km                                                                                                   

 Though, the land area of this Coral paradise is only 32 Sq.kms. the inclusion of about 4200 Sq.Kms. of its lagoon area, 20,000 Sq.km. of its territorial waters and almost 4, 00,000 Sq.kms of Exclusive Economic Zone makes it one of the largest territories of the country. 

 Kavaratti is its capital (Headquarters).

 The total population of these islands is 60650 (as per 2001 census). 

 Malayalam in traditional vernacular spoken in all the islands, except Minicoy; where people speak Mahl, which is written in Divehi script and is the language of Maldives.

 The entire indigenous population because of their economic and social backwardness and geographical isolation is classified as Scheduled Tribes.  The tribes have, however not been named. The islanders are Muslims by religion.

 These islands lie about 220 to 440 kilometers away from the coastal city of Kochi in Kerala between 8o and 12o 13'' North Latitude and 71o and 74o East Longitude.  

The inter island distance varies from about 10 to 200 kilometers.  

The lagoons and the economic zone teeming with marine life and mineral resources enhance the economic importance of Lakshadweep. 

 Basic information














Village (Dweep) Panchayats










Decadal Growth in Population






Population Density (2001)

Per Sq.Km.




Per Capita Income

(rough estimate)

Rs. in thousands

33.25 at

current prices

33.283 (2006-07)


Per Capita Income

(rough estimate)

Rs. in thousands

18.42 at constant prices (2004-05)



Selected Educational Statistics 2009-10

a) Gross Enrolment Ratio, Class I to VII (6 to 12 Years)




b) Drop out Ratio (Class I to VII)




c) Pupil Teacher Ratio





Literacy Rate (2001)














Overall Sex Ratio(2001)

Female per 1000 males




Infant Mortality Rate (2009)

Per Thousand




Maternal Mortality Rate (2009)

Per Thousand




Birth Rate (2009)

Per Thousand




Death Rate (2009)

Per Thousand






1.         The people of Lakshadweep depend mainly on shipping services for their transport to mainland and vice-versa and for their inter-island travel. There are no major agricultural activities in these islands, except coconut cultivation. Fishing and coconut cultivation are the traditional occupation of the local people. Tourism is an emerging industry. All items for the day to-day requirements, except coconut and fish are transported from mainland.


2.         Due to inadequacy of specialized treatment and educational institutions for higher studies, the people depend on hospitals and educational institutions at the mainland.


3.         The Union Territory Administration carries out developmental activities of the territory. Private entrepreneurship is limited due to peculiar geographical conditions. Development is a sordid and complex process and it involves transformation of resources, both material and human, to goods and services. The island economy requires special kind of treatment and warrants altogether different set of instruments and strategies for interventions as oppose to the problem in the mainland areas. The main constraint of the island is the geographic isolation and access to the mainland. 



Planned Development


4.         Planned Development may be stated to have begun with effect from 1956, Lakshadweep became a Union Territory.  Isolated as they are from the mainland, these islands have inherent difficulties of transportation and communication.  An overview of the development programmes of this U.T over the different plan periods will reveal that a lion's share of the outlays were earmarked to meet the expenditure on infrastructure developments. Which includes; creation of transport and communication facilities, followed by health and education, gender equality, cooperative movement to eliminate the intermediaries who used to exploit the natives, supply of electricity, agriculture and fisheries development to ensure sustained economic development and generate employment opportunities to the locals in the various sectors of development.


5.         The Administration has been able to utilize the entire allocation provided during the Five Year Plans. An integrated short-term plan was implemented in this U.T for the first time in the middle of the Second Five Year Plan only, with an integrated short-term development plan of outlay of Rs.73.85 Lakh.  Actual expenditure incurred was only Rs.40.28 lakh.


6.         During the IIIrd Plan, a sizable outlay was spent to improve transport and communication, promote cooperative movement and development of fisheries and education.  Against the outlay of Rs.98.38 lakh, the expenditure recorded was 108.51 lakh.


7.         The emphasis during the IV th Five Year Plan was given for development of education and fisheries.  Against the outlay of Rs.200, lakh the actual expenditure achieved was 95% amounting to Rs.189.72 lakh.  Besides the normal development plans of the territory, the Andaman and Lakshadweep Harbour Works also implemented major schemes of harbour facilities in the islands worth Rs.100 lakh during this period.       


8.         A major portion of the outlay of the Vth Five Year Plan was earmarked for the planned development of important sectors like fisheries, education, power, health, cooperation and housing.  Against the outlay of Rs.622.73 lakh, the Administration could spend only Rs.380.05 lakh.


9.         Agriculture sector got a boost during the Mid Term Plan (1978-80) by creating farmer-oriented programmes and providing financial assistance to create entrepreneurship development programmes.  Against an outlay of Rs.543.64, lakh the expenditure reported was Rs.307.50 lakh.


10.        From the VIth Plan onwards the emphasis has been to increase production of coconut by inter-crop cultivation and improve the fish catch by way of providing subsidy for boat construction and other fishery requesites.  A District Rural Development Agency was established during the period, which helped to provide economically viable production units to the target group.  Roads were constructed.  Electrification of the villages was taken up in a big way.  Tourism activities were also promoted in selected islands.  Employment Assurance Scheme was implemented through the DRDA.  About 44% of the outlay was earmarked for the transport and communication sector.  Against the outlay of Rs.2035 lakh, the Administration spent Rs.2814 lakh, which was 138 per cent of the approved outlay.


11.        The VIIth Plan outlay was increased to Rs.4390 lakh, more than double the VIth Plan allocation.  The development process in the islands got an impetus with the visit of the Hon'ble Prime Minister, late Shri. Rajiv Gandhi in 1986.  The constitution of the Island Development Authority (IDA) led to the acceleration of the development works.  Special studies were conducted with reference to the availability of resources, ecology, environment, shore protection and transportation.  During this period the old ships were replaced with new passenger ship, air service started operation, separate cargo ships were planned and larger fishing vessels put into operation. A record expenditure of Rs.6753.98 was achieved during the period.  A new era was opened in the field of communication when the Airport at Agatti, the westernmost island of the territory commissioned and Vayudoot service between Mainland and Agatti Island was started on 15 April, 1988.  Now the Indian Airlines and Kingfisher are operating in this sector.


12.        The VIIIth Plan maintained the same momentum and achieved envious progress in all fronts of development.  Again, the emphasis was on the exploitation of fishery resources, improving the facilities for education, expansion of tourism, installation of communication facilities and providing communication sets to the motorized sailing vessels and fishing boats, tapping of solar energy for supplementing power supply through diesel generation, etc. Against the outlay of Rs.120 Cr, the Administration could spend Rs.140.43 Cr. during this Plan period.


13.        The IXth Five Year Plan allocations was Rs.270 Cr.  Here again the major thrust were  in the transport sector, the lifeline of these islands as any breakdown in the system of transportation will put the clock back to the days of uncertainties and slowing down of the developmental process.  Hence, acquisition of three new passenger ships was planned, besides operating four cargo barges. Procurement of additional mechanized barges for cargo movement from ship to shore and vice versa was also targeted.  Helicopter service for emergency evacuation of patients continued to be maintained since the VIth Plan.  Improvement and construction of new tourist resorts in five islands was also planned. Fishermen cooperative societies were organized to facilitate large-scale exploitation of fishery resources.  Establishment of more desiccated coconut powder units was also aimed at.  Establishment of production units to give value addition to the basic raw material available in plenty, namely coconut and fish was another objective.


14.        The size of the Xth Five Year Plan was approved by the Planning Commission at Rs.437.00 Cr. Later, this had been revised through Annual Plans to keep pace with the rate of inflation and devote into thrust areas.   The utilisation of outlays during the Tenth Plan (2002-07) period is Rs. 500 Cr. (14.4% increase over the agreed allocation).


15.        In the 10th Plan, major thrust was on transport sector. During the period,  various capacities of inter island ferries, landing barges, cargo barges and bullard tugs etc were inducted in to service. Besides, placed order for acquisition of 700 pax all weather ship. In order to meet the increasing demand of emergency patient evacuations as well as inter-island connectivity during monsoon season, the old dauphin N helicopter was replaced with dauphin N3 type helicopter with enhanced carrying capacity. Created infrastructural facilities for handling crafts in the islands and mainland. Established Marine Police Force to check poaching and to provide security of the islands. Health Care system has been improved considerably for controlling major communicable diseases. Cruise liner operation ot tourists; ideal for eco-sensitive islands have been started and is getting momentum. Major initiatives under Education sector are up gradation of five High Schools in to Senior Secondary Schools, 2 Senior Basic Schools as Girls High Schools. Three degree level Colleges; as Centres of Calicut University were opened; each at Kadmat, Kavaratti and Andrott. Computer education, introduced in all High Schools. Enhanced Scholarship of students, Edu sat programme started in all islands with the help of ISRO to provide teacher training and supplementary training to students.  Installed  Solar Photo Voltaic (SPV) Power Plants of 100 KWP at Agatti, Kavaratti, Andrott, Kalpeni, 150 KWp at Kadmat, 15 KWp at Suheli, upgradation of  25 KWp SPV Power Plants at Bangaram and Bitra to 50 KWps are important  achievement under sector NCSE. Expanded Power supply and installed Diesel Generating Sets. Provided 2645 domestic/ industrial connections to the households. Commissioned one lakh liters capacity Law Temperature Thermal Desalination Plant at Kavaratti. Initiatives were taken to Instal similar plants in six islands. Constructed substantial numbers of rain water harvesting tanks, attached to Govt. buildings and private houses. Continued anti-sea erosion programmes to protect coastal belt, subject to severe erosions. Supplied building materials to the inhabitants through Lakshadweep Building Development Board to ease them from the exorbitant transit cost. Enhanced fish catch and created cold chain infrastructure.           


The Developmental problems of the UT are distinctive because of:


16.        The fragile ecology of these coral atolls, makes environmental compatibility, the overriding consideration in Planning.


17.        The Island Society shares the happy situation of a relatively more egalitarian social structure with a great deal of harmony, community life and a social milieu of cooperation among people.  This is their greatest strength, which has enabled them to face life and many odds, both natural and man-made, with equanimity.  The process of development should not tinker with this and de-stabilize their lives, create competition, which strikes at the root of fellow feeling.


18.        The limited resource base, though the islands are spread over a very large area surrounded by sea and  paucity of land are  great limiting factor in taking up many activities, which could generate resources, employment and build infrastructure. 

19.        Fresh water resources of a durable nature are not available, thus affecting not only agricultural activity but also human life.  Lack of safe drinking water all through the year is a source of several health related problems


20.        The inflow of migration from mainland also threatens the carrying capacity of the islands.  Both migrants and local population compete for scarce resources.


21.        Access to free education and fairly spread out educational infrastructure has created a high percentage of literacy in the islands.  This has risen the aspiration level of the youth in terms of nature of job and the level of remuneration.  They are not volunteering to take up traditional jobs in the coconut and fishing sectors, nor suitably trained.


22.        Wide dispersal of the population in small islands scattered far away from each other and from the mainland in the Arabian Sea making transport and communication a crucial elements in even the least ambitious development effort.  Thus, Lakshadweep continues to suffer from the tyranny of distance in several ways.  


23.        Heavy sea erosion in almost all the islands, seriously threatening the houses and the very existence of some smaller islands.


24.        The Island Development Authority (IDA) under the Chairmanship of Hon'ble Prime Minister of India is taking lead and deciding developmental goals of this tiny group of Islands.  The IDA was last met on 19th January 2009 and our Administrator also participated in the meeting. 


The Principal Objectives set for developments of the islands are:


  • Develop the human resources and infrastructure for productive exploitation of the Territorial Waters and Exclusive Economic Zone.
  • Enhance productivity of the precious scarce land and “virtual expansion of land” through appropriate strategies.
  • Self-sustaining economy preserving the ecological purity of the islands.
  • Promote scientific, eco-friendly and people-friendly tourism preserving cultural and social uniqueness.
  • Bring the islands to the mainstream of the Nation through better transportation and advanced communication.


25.        With continuous and coordinated efforts of the Administration coupled with firm and liberal support extended by the Planning Commission and Ministries of Govt. of India and mature cooperation of the people of Lakshadweep, we have brought visible and spectacular changes in the over-all quality of life and economic status of the people.  Annual Plan outlay of Lakshadweep for 2008-09 was Rs.263.68 Cr. and considering the increased demand, the outlay has been revised to Rs.270.58 Cr. at Revised Estimate stage.  The expenditure for the year 2008-2009 was Rs 268.75 Cr. i.e. 99.32%. The ceiling fixed for this territory 2009-10 is Rs. 296.86 Cr. and the expenditure is Rs.265.87 Cr. (90%)


26.        Intensive consultations have been made with the Panchayati Raj Institutions; viz. all the Dweep (Village) Panchayats and Lakshadweep District Panchayat; ensuring grassroots level planning before formulating the Five Year Plan and Annual Plans.  As was done in the last years, the outlines of draft Annual Plan of 2009-10, circulated to Village (Dweep) Panchayats & District Panchayat for obtaining their suggestions and recommendations in tune with local needs and people's aspirations.


Important Programmes and Achievements of Annual Plan 2008-09 & 2009-10 are:


27.        Increased production of coconut yielding from 97 nuts to 130 nuts per palm. Emphasis has been given for the cultivation of fruits, vegetables and spices by inter-cropping in the inter spaces of coconut gardens. Seedlings of 4-5 fruit plants and vegetable were distributed to every house holds. Encouraged ST farmers to promote value addition on coconut as part of product diversification.



28.        Production and productivity of fresh nutritional value added animal protein to achieve self-sufficiency in chicken meat and egg production in the islands.


29.        Enhanced the annual fish catch to 12300 MT.  We propose to double it by the end of XI Five Year Plan.  For this, we have ambitious project of introduction of Mother Vessel for collection from subsidiary vessels, cleaning and processing of fish in the ship and taking the processed fish directly to the market.  This would be first of its kind in India. Long Liners are also planned.


30.        Food security is a matter of great concern for us. Maintained supply of ration commodities through cooperative network. Construction of the first FCI godown; for bulk storage of food grains as buffer, is to complete this year.  The Lakshadweep Co-op Marketing Federation is procuring copra through Co-op Societies at the support price.  During 2009-10, 3454 MT copra marketed through cooperative societies in the Islands to the best advantage of the producers. 


31.        A new Power House at Kiltan Island has been commissioned. Work on the new powerhouse at Kavaratti and Chetlat islands are in completion stage. Acquisition process of land for Installation of oil storage facilities at Andrott, Amini & Agatti are in progress.19 New higher capacity DG sets are  added to the existing Generating capacity of Lakshadweep Islands by replacing old 33 outlived DG sets of smaller capacity. The installed generating capacity in Lakshadweep will be 17.1 Mega Watt from the earlier 9.9 MW.


32.        Installation, commissioning and proper maintanace of SPV Power Plants, through BHEL in the islands, revival of Biomass plant, Installation of Wind Mill etc are the major initiatives .One thousand Solar Lanterns distributed among the fishermen of the un-electrified Islands like Bangaram, Suheli, Cheriyam and Cheriyapani on subsidized rate and to the girl students below the poverty line studying in IXth to XIIth standards on free of cost.            


33.        Vessels for inter island and mainland-island transportation, ordered on international shipyards, in X Plan period, are now delivered.  Three 150-passenger high-speed ferries procured from Singapore   inducted to the shipping fleet on 16 August 2007 and approval from DG Shipping obtained for operating them in the mainland- island sector also.  These are one of the most modern passenger crafts in South Asia. Similarly, three 50-passenger fair weather high speed crafts have already been inducted into inter island service during January / February 2008 besides smaller high-speed vessel HSC Viringli and Bangaram.


34.        The pride and proud all weather 700 Passenger cum 160 MT Cargo Ship (M.V.Kavaratti) constructed at Hindustan Shipyard Limited, Visakhapatman, delivered on 27th June, 2008 and has been inducted to the shipping operation after required modification. Two more 250 pax plus 100MT cargo ships; Arabian Sea & Lakshadweep Sea built in Colombo Ship yard, added to the shipping fleer in Jan. and Oct, 2010. A concept note to acquire 40 knots HSC of 400 Passenger capacity reducing the travel time to 6 hours between Kavaratti and Kochi similar to Rajdhani Express has been received by the Ministry of Shipping and UTL Administration.  Ministry of Shipping has to finalize this and send to Planning Commission as requested by them.


35.        The long-standing demand of the islanders to have a dedicated wharf facility for their ships at Cochin, Kerala is in the offing. Cochin Port Trust, as directed by Govt. of India has allotted 300 Mts waterfront outside the customs area for developing a dedicated berth for Lakshadweep vessels, where all passenger amenities and cargo handling facilities will be established. The tenders for Civil & Electrical works awarded and work commenced. Berthing facilities are also proposed at Beypore, Azhikkal and Kollam in Kerala and Mangallure, Karnataka. Thess will be a vital umbilical cord for mainstreaming Lakshadweep. The correction of design deficiencies of Eastern side embarkation jetties Kavaratti and Minicoy is under active consideration.  Work of Agatti and  Amini  are nearing completion.


36.        Hon'ble Minister of Civil Aviation launched the second helicopter service on 10th January, 2009 for evacuation of serious patients. Both helicopters run by PHHL are operating, inter-island passenger service, and to meet administration's emergency requirements including maintenance of law and order. A 3rd Helicopter has been sanctioned.


37.        Construction of the Museum and Planetarium are nearing completion. Science Museum in Lakshadweep would have special features of its own, display models on coral reef formations, marine fish and fauna of Lakshadweep Sea, shipping & harbor, coconut, coir and fisheries, natural disasters in sea and other related artifacts.


38.        The proposal for declaring our islands as Specially Sensitive Areas under the provision of MARPOL Convention is under active consideration of Ministry.  This would safeguard our territories against possible oil spill and oil tanker accident near our shores. Protection of environment, conservation of corals, wildlife and lagoons, scientific waste management, regeneration of vegetation, marine green belt and IEC programmes are other achievements.


39.        Lakshadweep being very smaller with fragile eco system abd environment, we propose to promote high value low volume tourism. The dependence on land for tourism activities need be reduced and focus would be shifted to the amazingly beautiful waters around our islands.   Such an approach would result in developing eco tourism as a thriving and sustainable industry without compromising with land and culture. The Tourism department has won gold medal for excellence in display amongst UT's at India International Trade Fair  We have endeavored and succeeded in developing the islands as a premier destination for cruise line tourism consciously in the inhabited and uninhabited islands.  This has already brought a lot of dividends.  In 2008-09, more than 7417 tourists visited Lakshadweep as against the decadal average of about 4,500 per annum in the past.  This increase in the tourist inflow will grow further in the coming Plan; as concerted efforts are being made for its promotion  


40.        We are one of the very few States / UTs to have extended mid-day meals to all students in the schools right from Nursery class to XII class in Lakshadweep.  We have provided bicycles to girl students from BPL families studying in X to XII Standards under Welfare scheme in order to encourage higher education among women. Jawahar Navodaya Vidhyalaya, Minicoy, Lakshadweep won the first position at the National level in Computer Literacy Excellence Award for Schools (CLEAS) instituted by Ministry of Information Technology, Govt. of India.  Two of our students, of P.M. Sayeed Calicut University Centre, Androth secured 1st and 3rd ranks in the Calicut University in B.Sc. (Aquaculture) course in 2008.  The Calicut University Centre at Kadmat recorded 100% pass in degree level in Economics and Arabic.


41.        A close interaction launched with Govt. of Kerala for improving the standard of education in Lakshadweep – 81-resource person visited Lakshadweep for this purpose for vigorous re-orientation of High school teachers.  We have now liaised with Textbook Society of Kerala for direct distribution of textbooks to Lakshadweep and distributed textbook in time.  For improving the morale of the teachers as well as to give them recognition, we are introduced star teachers award in an organized manner, which will go a long way in enhancing teacher quality.


42.        Although, we have favorable health indicators, in terms of low infant mortality, zero maternal mortality etc. earlier we do have the menace of chikungunya virus visiting some of the islands from the much-affected neighboring States.  With appropriate safeguards and scientific screenings, we hope to make Lakshadweep completely “Chikungunya free”.  For this purpose, Infrared fever screening machineries are installed at various entry points, namely at Kochi and Beypore seaport and Agatti Airport. 


43.        Lakshadweep is a most suitable candidate for telemedicine system.  We propose to strengthen telemedicine centers in every island to overcome the need for physical travel of patients and evacuations to mainland as far as possible. Under the scheme Rashtriya Arogya Nidhi (RAN) financial assistance was given to 287 beneficiaries amounting to Rs.51.20 Lakh during 2008-09 and 130 beneficiaries amounting of Rs.36.30 under state plan scheme “Financial Assistance to referral patients of Lakshadweep” for specialized treatment at mainland.     


44.        Providing safe and adequate drinking water in our small islands scattered in the middle of the ocean is indeed one of the greatest challenges.  One Low Thermal Temperature Desalination Plant is functioning successfully at Kavaratti, this is replicated to other inhabited islands. The work of similar Low Thermal Temperature Desalination Plant at Agatti is in progress and work at Minicoy and Andrott is to start shortly.


45.        Establishment of sewerage disposal system in all islands scientifically tested and most suited model to islands, in order to ensure solid/liquid waste disposal is under active consideration.


46.        The monthly pension to old and handicapped persons, widows and destitute has been enhanced from Rs.300 to Rs.400/- pm.   666 Nos ID cards issued to the handicapped persons in different islands in various categories of disability for getting various concessions.


47.        Functioning of Balawadi, Creche and Aganwadis, computerization of Anganwadi centers, providing of pre school materials, capital and training assistance to Self Help Groups and Training / Awareness programmes for promoting women welfare activities are main programmes implemented under Women & Child Development sector. Presently 87 Anganwadi centers are functioning in the islands for promoting overall improvement of Anganwadi beneficiaries, like pre-school children, adolescent girls, SHG members etc.




48.        The 10 inhabited islands of Lakshadweep are peculiarly placed, requiring focus on certain key sectors, to ensure a reasonably good administration which caters to the basic requirements of the islanders. The main focus areas and the magnitude of concern in each, is highlighted below.


i) Shipping


49.        Bring the islands to the mainstream of the nation by introducing daily ship service from near by ports like Kochi and Calicut and advanced communication net work. Expenditure Finance Committee met in October 2009 and cleared UTL's proposal for purchase of a new 400 pax vessel as a replacement for Tippusultan, with an option clause to buy one more 400-pax vessel  as a replacement for Bharatseema. Accordingly, adequate provision of funds provided in BE 2010-11 to accommodate both the ships.


50.        We need to hire 2 barges, one for movement of LPG cylinders every month from the mainland to all the 10 islands. At present only Kavaratti and Minicoy are serviced for LPG and all others have to rely on Kerosene or fire wood.  Approximately 3 cr. per barge would be the hiring charge annually. The other barge is required to ensure that for a set of 2 islands each, a dedicated barge is available, to transport all fuel, food and ration requirements of the islands.  


51.        Ministry of Shipping is considering Kavaratti as a Major Port and UTL Administration supports this move if it helps us in the movement of cargo, essential commodities, fuel and passengers on a consistent and stable basis. The Major Port should be in a position to hire passenger vessels during monsoons/ urgent situations to take care of the passenger traffic to all the islands.  It should also be in a position to encourage private ships to operate between the mainland and distant islands like those that Minicoy so that a tri-weekly service is available compared to the present unsatisfactory system of servicing Minicoy once in 7 to 10 days.


52.        Five fuelling vessels are required at a cost of Rs. 5 cr.  At present, the fuelling of vessels is done through barrels which is not appropriate.  Once the Indian Oil Depot comes up by next year, we will need an oil Barge for transporting fuel from Kavaratti to all the islands.  Money has already been placed with Lakshadweep Development Corporation Limited for this purpose.


ii) Jetties


53.        Four jetties at Minicoy, Agatti, Kavaratti and Amini were constructed by the Harbour Department with faulty design.  An Expert Committee has suggested certain modifications which have to be implemented. Ministry of Shipping has to expedite the correction of deficiencies and make the jetties operational, as soon as possible. The team headed by Capt. P.V.K. Mohan, Chairman, National Shipping Board visited Japan during 2-8 August 2010.  Navy and Coast Guard operations are also hampered because of in-operational Jetties. Jetties are also required to be constructed in remaining islands of; Kiltan, Chetlat, Kadmat and Bitra to alleviate risk in open sea transfer of passengers from ships.


54.        It would be difficult to depend Kochi port always. Administration is therefore considering developing berthing facilities for its ships, cargo and oil barges, mechanized country crafts etc in collaboration with concerned State Governments at Beypore, Kollam and Azhikkal, Kerala and Mangalore, Karnataka.


iii) Aviation


55.        At present Kingfisher Airlines is operating regular ATR-72 flights between Kochi-Agatti sector. 

The Indian Airlines has also commenced the service of ATR-42-320 from 24th September 2010 between Kochi-Agatti-Kochi (3 days) and Bangalore-Agatti-Bangalore (3 days). UTL requires at least biweekly flights of private airlines from Mangalore and Calicut to Agatti, to facilitate movement of cargo and passengers and for development of tourism in the islands. Officials of Airport Authority of India visited UTL and they have been shown the land for extension of Agatti Airport by 200 m on one side and 90 m on the other side to increase the margin of safety for plying ATR-72 Aircrafts on the airstrip. AAI has to expedite their report, so that land can be acquired and the extension can be completed. UTL will also provide land for a separate apron for parking two aircrafts and for a clear sighting navigational tower, without getting into problems of environmental clearance or court intervention.


56.        AAI has to come and survey Andrott Island for making a green field Airstrip for which land has already been identified. AAI has already surveyed Minicoy island for a possible airstrip but concluded that it is too narrow and DGCA guidelines will not permit the airstrip.  Accordingly, we have offered the same land to the Navy/ Coast Guard for an airstrip that they want to build for reconnaissance aircraft.


57.        UTL has asked CMD, PHHL to explore the possibility of getting one of the two operators of seaplanes in Maldives to make a demo to UTL administration for the effectiveness of seaplanes for carrying passengers inter-island. UTL administration can facilitate their commercial operations by providing them requisite jetty and other facilities and also provide subsidy for any vacant seats in their 8 seater seaplanes.  Indian High Commissioner in Maldives has been contacted and he will also assist in private seaplane operator for coming to Lakshadweep islands for a realistic demonstration.


iv) Water supply


58.        Providing safe and adequate drinking water in our small islands scattered in the middle of the ocean is indeed one of the greatest challenges.  One Low Thermal Temperature Desalination Plant is functioning successfully at Kavaratti and this is replicated to other inhabited islands. At Agatti, scheduled date of commissioning being postpone repeatedly. The work of plants Minicoy and Andrott is yet to start.  For the 2nd phase at Chetlat, Kiltan and Amini, Rs.34 cr. has been paid to NIOT.  For the 3rd phase at Kalpeni and Kadmat, the LTTD budget of Rs.20 cr. is available. At least 100 Rain Water Harvesting structures are created in each island to take care of the drinking water needs of the population.


v) Sewage treatment


59.        Potable Water is available one meter below the ground in UTL and there is no domestic sewage network established so far.


60.        The concept of a bio-toilet costing approximately Rs.30, 000 is also being explored since it can be quickly created for 12, 500 households in the entire Lakshadweep islands.  Sample of 10 such toilets are being set up on an experimental basis, to check their effectiveness in existing conditions.


vi) Health


61.        Although, we have favorable health indicators, in terms of low birth, death, infant mortality and maternal mortality etc. earlier years, we have witnessed the menace of chikungunya virus visiting some of the islands from the much-affected neighboring States.       Efforts are on to control and eradicate epidemics by adopting preventive, promotive and curative methods, so that Lakshadweep will be free from endemic diseases.


62.        Posting of Specialist Doctors against the vacant posts of Specialists available in UT Administration.  Permission to engage Specialists on contract by enhancing remuneration to Rs.1.00 lakh per month. Creation of 7 posts of Lady Medical Officers (one each for CHC, Andrott, Amini, Agatti and PHC Kalpeni, Kadmat, Kiltan and Chetlat islands. UT Administration has sent revised proposal of 8 Ayurvedic Doctors and 8 Homoeopathic Doctors to AYUSH.  This is be expedited.


63.        Allotment of 30 medical seats (20 for Graduation and 10 for Post Graduation) and 20 seats for Para Medical Courses; Establishment of one GNM School for the proposed hospital under PPP mode in Agatti.


64.        Lakshadweep is a most suitable candidate for telemedicine system.  We propose to strengthen telemedicine centers in every island to overcome the need for physical travel of patients and evacuations to mainland as far as possible.


65.        Conversion of existing CHC at Agatti in to Super Specialty Hospital under PPP mode, in order to make available specialized treatment to the sick and suffering patients.


vii) Ecology


66.        At present tetra pods are being used for checking sea erosion but this has not been very successful.  We need an expert study on this so that the appropriate technology can be used to check the increasing sea erosion in the islands.  Department of Earth Science has been requested to assist us in this matter. Meantime, we are planning to plant 10, 000 Casuarina saplings in all the islands along the coast to act as a check on sea erosion.


67.        A proper Observatory is required in the islands for any issues relating to changes in sea level due to climate change, or to gauge the speed of the ocean currents for any possible large-scale calamity prevention measures, including a possible evacuation if necessary.


viii) Fisheries


68.        Lakshadweep has Exclusive Economic Zone of 400, 000 sq. km., which has never been tapped for fishing. The Mother Vessel cleared from all sources is being purchased through CIFT, Kochi. This will be a major step towards increasing the fish catch in the islands, which is stagnating 11, 000 tons annually for the last 7 years. In this direction, we would also require at least 2 trawlers for deep sea fishing and for processing and packaging the fish for export.   


69.        Centre for Marine Living Resources and Ecology (CMLRE), Ministry of Earth Sciences, Kochi proposes to take over the hatchery Unit at Agatti on lease basis and create ornamental fish culture, live bait fish culture, pearl production and stock enhancement of endangered species.


70.        UTL Administration proposes to establish an Aqua-Tech Park initially as a joint venture with Centre for Marine Living Resources & Ecology (CMLRE), Ministry of Earth Science, Kochi to Promote developmental activities on Mariculture, and provide training to islanders.


ix) Education


71.        Sarva Shiksha Abyan is functioning well with the focus on capacity development, since enrollment is almost 100%. Emphasis now is on improving the quality of education by empowering DIET with full 13 Faculty members from the best available talent in the islands. Focus is also on improving IT education in schools. We need post graduate seats in Medical field to ensure that we have local candidates for 11 vacant posts of specialists.  Secretary health, Govt. of India has been approached for the same and we are likely to get a positive response. Under the new scheme of MHRD, a College is also being planned in Kadmat and Androth islands.


x) Skill Development


72.        At present in Lakshadweep, there is no technical education institute other than an ITI. By availing Central Assistance from MHRD one new Polytechnic is being established at Androth island. Out of total Central Assistance of Rs.9 cr., 1st installment of Rs.2 cr. has been received from the Ministry.  Land acquisition process is being expedited. Considering the potential areas & job opportunities we proposes to introduce Diploma courses in 1) Marine Engineering 2) Hotel Management, Catering Technology & Tourism.


73.        The qualified candidates in All India Engineering Entrance Examination from these islands  are not able to join NIT because of very late release of quota seats. MHRD has to release the quota seats along with the general allotment, to UTL.


74.        Launching of Skill Development Mission for providing vocational training and retraining for retrenched workers with a view to generate employment and build infrastructure primarily focus on tourism, fisheries and coconut / coir based industries and agro processing..


xi) Tourism


75.        Our Public Works Department is to build about  cottages in  islands in the next 6 to 9 months to enhance bed capacity.


76.        New proposals for Institute of Hospitality Management at Amini, Convention Centre at Kadmat, House Boats at Kadmat, Bitra, Kavaratti, Kalpeni and Minicoy, where vast lagoon expanse is available and  New Helipads in  few uninhabited islands, and repair of old helipads are  also being taken up.


xii) Power


77.        The power situation in the islands through diesel generation is functioning well. On the other hand, nearly 1.07 Cr. liters of diesel is used every year to create power. Lakshadweep Administration requires 130 Lakh Litre HSD Oil every year for various departments - Electricity – 107.50 Lakh Litres, Fisheries– 10.50 Lakh Litres and Shipping –  12.00 Lakh Litres.  Presently HSD Oil is transported and stored in 200 litre capacity barrels. Work of Bulk Oil Storage facility proposed to be created at Kavaratti and Minicoy are stopped due to court intervention.   UTL has filed its counter in the High Court at Kerala and has requested the Ministry of Environment & Forest to support this important infrastructure requirement in the islands.


78.        BHEL has set up 9 SPVs in 9 islands with an installed capacity of 950 kw but operating at 40 % capacity only 250 kw.  Recently a BHEL team was asked to check all the SPVs and indicate what kind of repairs and maintenance is required to optimize the capacity wherever possible and to augment the capacity where ever feasible.  Maintenance cum augmentation proposal has been awarded to  BHEL with AMC of 10 years


xiii) Science & Technology


79.        Intense consultations have resulted in the foreign vendor agreeing to deliver the planetarium complete in all respects by March 2010. Satellite data on potential fishing zones is being received from NRSA, Hyderabad and supplied to fishermen twice a week. The Senior Scientist & Zonal Officer, CPCB, Bangalore visited Lakshadweep during 2nd week of November, 2009.  In the discussion, it was decided to install Equipments in all islands to identify the level of Air & Water pollution, Up-grade Lab of Lakshadweep Pollution Control Committee at Kavaratti and to establish new Labs at Minicoy & Andrott for analyzing water, air and noise pollution.  Proposal for creating manpower for LPCC is to be submitted to the Ministry of Environment & Forests.


xiv) Coral Reef Monitoring & Conservation in Lakshadweep


80.        Coral reef monitoring on a regular basis is being done in all the islands and we plan to hire a full time consultant of NIO to undertake this activity more vigorously for regeneration of the corals.Lakshadweep Coral Reef Monitoring Network (LCRMN) undertakes monitoring & conservation of corals. Components of LCRMN are:- i) Survey & Monitoring ii) Capacity Building iii) Infrastructure Creation    iv) Awareness Creation  and  v) Protection Measures.




xv) Agriculture


81.        Considering limitation in area for further expansion, the scope for development of Agriculture in Lakshadweep is remote. Our stress is for the cultivation of fruits, vegetables and spices  by inter-cropping in the inter spaces of coconut gardens. On the lines of agricultural garden in Kadmat, similar vegetable gardens are planned in all the islands, so that vegetables need not be transported all the way from the mainland.


82.        To encourage fruit cultivation, fruit saplings of Papaya, Banana, Chickoo and Orange will be distributed to all households having space, in all the islands, so that fruit movements from the mainland can be discouraged.


xvi) Women & Child


83.        There is no discrimination against women in education or employment in UTL. The vision of the Hon'ble Prime Minister of India in building a strong nation by “Universalization” of ICDS with quality services has come true in Lakshadweep. The Ministry of Women & Child has sanctioned eight new blocks, posts of CDPO along with its complement of staff and this will be useful in setting up the Women & Child welfare units in all the islands. Computerization of Anganwadi Centre in Lakshadweep is the first of its kind in India.  The Digitalization intend to penetrate the Information Technology to the grass root level and thus the facility is being enjoyed by the less fortunate section of the society including pre-school children up to 6 years, adolescent girls and other women folk.  It is the foremost symbol of Govt. of India's commitment to its children who are the promise of future India and women; the backbone of a good society.


xvii) Requirement of Kerosine Oil for Fishermen


84.        Presently Kerosene Oil is being allocated by GoI at 795 MT (1025 KL) (400+395) on half early basis under Public Distribution Systum for cooking and illumination. In Lakshadweep, there are about 400 Outboard engines for fishing purpose using Kerosene Oil.  Due to inadequacy of allocation of Kerosene Oil from Govt. of India UT Administration faces hardship to meet the fishermen's requirement of Kerosene Oil. Considering the peculiar conditions in Lakshadweep, UTL Administration has requested the Petroleum Ministry to allocate further 250 KL Kerosene Oil required for fishermen as a special case, under PDS, or even under Open Market Sale Scheme.


xviii) Information Technology


85.        SWAN has been inaugurated by Her Excellency the President of India on 24th December 2009. Ministry of IT has been requested to increase the bandwidth to 8 mbps in Kavaratti and 2 in each island making a total of 26 mbps for UTL. By December 2009, 2 MBPS bandwidth for Kavaratti and 25% of this for the remaining islands has been approved by BSNL and IT Department.  PWC has been hired by IT department to set up State Data Centre for which RFP is being finalized with the help of Ministry of IT. CSC have to be set up after the capacity building exercise for all the islands.  CCTNS is being implemented in the Police Department with the assistance of MHA.


xix) Industries


86.        There is limited scope for industry in LD.  There is a Hosiery unit in Kalpeni, which we plan to modernize with the assistance of NIFT, Mumbai. In each island, we plan to set up units for Rope making, Coir products, Desiccated Powder and Coconut oil from coconut. We are setting up outlets for sale at the jetty or helipad for marketing of these items.  Also at Kochi Airport and 2 outlets at Delhi Haat, these will be marketed.


xx) Animal Husbandry 


87.        Livestock sector emerged as one among the few growth sectors in the islands. Poultry, goat and cattle can provide livelihood support to small and marginal farmers, women folk and handicapped persons.  The feed cost amounts for about 70% of the total expenditure in both poultry and cattle rearing. Thus, for ensuring the quality feed and for promoting these enterprises, feeds procured from reputed firms and distributed to the farmers on affordable price. Also considering setting up feed mixing units in islands.


xxi) Co-operation


88.        Cooperative movement launched in 1962 could make rapid strides in marketing and distribution of consumer goods and providing credit to the people. For enabling the cooperatives to undertake direct procurement of copra in the islands, fund released to the Lakshadweep Cooperative Marketing Federation Ltd (LCMF) as Revolving Capital.


xxii) Food Security 


89.        Food security is a matter of great concern for us. After much persuasion, the Food Corporation of India (FCI) has now agreed to start construction of two godowns. While construction of godown at Andrott nearing completion, land acquisition at Minicoy is in progress. The Cooperatives practically live from hand to mouth with limited buffer stock of essential commodities. Cargo space in Govt. vessels is very limited.  Hence, to ease out the shortages, private mechanized sailing vessels, ‘manchoos' were requisitioned and engaged.  Financial support is given to LCMF for building a Mechanized Barge   Cooperative Societies in the Islands are assisted for hiring and building ‘manchoos' of their own. 


xxiii) Rashriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY)


90.        District Agricultural Plan (DAP) of RKVY in respect of Lakshadweep has already been prepared with the consultancy of National Institute of Rural Development of Hyderabad and Sate Level Sanctioning Committee (SLSC) considered the DAP. Utmost importance is given to the development of fisheries followed by coconut production and Animal Husbandry in RKVY programmes. High productivity and value addition in these sectors, thereby expecting improvements in quality of life of farmers and high growth rate in the economy.


xxiv) Other Important Issues


91.        Hard Area Allowance granted by the 6th CPC report has not been notified by Ministry of Finance for all the islands and erroneously has been given only to Minicoy island.


92.        A new subsidy scheme has been started for battery operated vehicles in the islands to save on petrol and to encourage a pollution free environment


93.        Annual Plan Outlay projected for 2011-12 is Rs 397.28 Cr., which is 23% higher than last year's allocation. As in the last plan periods major share is for shipping and transport, accounting 42%, followed by  Social Services (24% ), Agriculture & Allied Activities (9% ) and Energy including Non Conventional Sources (7.4% ).


                        Sectoral outlays are shown in the Annexure attached. 



(` in Lakh)




Outlay for

AP 2010-11

Proposed for

AP 2011-12