When the Union Territory of Lakshadweep was constituted in 1956, there were nine primary schools in the Islands at the rate of one in each Island except Bitra. There were no suitable buildings for the schools and not even adequate,number of qualified teachers. The percentage of literacy according to 1951 Census was 15.23%. Educational facilities were not available for higher studies. During the last 40 years great developments have taken place in the field of Education in Lakshadweep. By stages, educational institutions were established in all the islands. Today there are nineteen JB Schools,four S.B.Schools,Nine High Schools,two Senior Secondary School and Junior Colleges. Every island except Bitra has a High school. The Junior Colleges are functioning in Kadmat and Andrott. The Senior Secondary Schools are functioning in Kavaratti and Minicoy Nearly 17559 pupil are attending various educational institutions in the islands. A Navodaya School has been functioning in
Minicoy since October,l988. High School at Kavaratti and Minicoy were upgraded to Senior Secondary Schools by introducing XI and XII classes under CBSE pattern during 1994-95.
Girls education also has made tremendous progress. Out of the total enrolment in the schools 46.04% are girls. Education is provided free at all level. Free mid-day meals are provided in Nursery and Primary Classes. Free boarding and lodging facilities are provided to Island students residing in Hostels. In the case of students studying in mainland the hostel expenses are met by the Government. Once a year students studying in places outside their native islands are given free conveyance facilities to go to their native islands. Students desirous of going for higher studies are sent to mainland for professional, technical and academic courses. The entire educational expenses are met by the Administration.
More trust and importance are given to vocational education. Vocation oriented education was introduced in all high schools by providing training in fishing and coir technology,these being almost the only indigenous resources available.
All the educational institutions have building furnitures and adequate number of qualified teachers. In the final year of the High School and courses in the islands the students are taken on educational tour to various places in the mainland. Owing to the various incentives education has made great strides in Lakshadweep. According to the Census figure the percentage of literacy has risen from 15.23 in 1951 to 81.78 1991(excluding children in the age group 0 to 6). and to 95(Excluding children below the age of seven). According to NSSE 3rd round.