Integrated Rural Development Programme began its implementation in January 1983. In the bench mark survey, 3013 families (i.e. about 45%) were identified as living below the poverty line in Lakshadweep.
The plan was to cover all the 3000 families before the end of the second year of the Seventh Plan. The number of families assisted till 31st March,1996 since the implementation of the programme is 4018. The assistance provided include distribution of milch animals, goats, petty trades, fishing craft, power tiller, trollies, coir charkas etc.
Development of Women & children in Rural Areas (DWCRA), Training for Rural Youth for Self Employment (TRYSEM), Supply of Improved Tool Kits to the Rural Artisans are some of the sub scheme of the self employment programmes in Lakshadweep being implemented by the DRDA. 47 were units formed under DWCRA, 257 Rural Youths were trained under TRYSEM and 206 Rural Artisans were provided toll kits by the end of 1994-95.
National Rural Employment Programme started in November, 1982. As against the target of 0.50 lakh mandays fixed by the Planning Commission for 1984-85,1.49 lakh mandays of employment were provided. As against the target of 0.70 lakh mandays for Sixth Five Year Plan 3.87 lakhs mandays was achieved during the period. This scheme has subsequently been renamed by the Government of India as Jawahar Rozgar Yojana (JRY) and Nehru Rozgar Yojana (NRY) clubbing other schemes on similar lines. During 1994-95 2.37 lakhs mandays were created under NRY/JRY respectively. The wage employment programme was started during 1983 onwards and now two schemes such as Jawahar Rozgar Yojana (JRY) and Employment Assurance Scheme (EAS) are being implementing under the guidance of Village (Dweep) Panchayat. Construction of Roads, Rain Water storage tanks, public toilets, public tanks, compound walls, Anganwadi buildings, anti sea erosion structures, planting of social forestry plants etc. are the major activities under this programme.
Indira Awaas Yojana (IAY) and Million Wells Scheme are the sub scheme of the JRY which have also been implemented in Lakshadweep and assistance was provided for construction of houses and drinking water wells under the above programme.