Coconut Development Programme
Coconut continued to be
the principal crop of the territory and major contributor to the economy. The
agro climatic and edaphic conditions in the islands are best suited for coconut
cultivation. The coconut production by the end of VIII Five Year Plan was 27.5
million nuts which could be enhanced to 30 million nuts by the end of IX Five
Year Plan. Productivity level of nuts/ha was 10000 during the year 1998-99,
which has raised to 10107 in 1999-2000 and at the end of IX Five Year Plan 11400
nuts. This is much better than the all- India level of 6892 nuts. Laccadive
ordinary, Laccadive micro and Laccadive small varieties still dominate due to
their high quality copra, higher percentage of oil content and other economic
attributes. Major constraints which stand in the way of satisfactory
improvement of productivity still continues to be the dense population of
coconut trees /hectares of area. Creation of congenial environment by way of
ensuring optimum space for the improvement of yield potential is to be
A regular arrangement for meeting the outside demand of coconut seeds and
seedlings is not prevailing at present. Zero tillage and continuous depletion
of fertility of the soil is another factor for the low productivity. There is a
vast scope for recycling of degradable coconut waste for the improvement of
fertility status and water holding capacity.
Earlier no much emphasis has been given on post harvest techniques.
Considering the present scenario of Agriculture marketing, stress is to be
provided on post harvest techniques. Some of the tree climbers meet with
accidents while climbing and have to retire at the age of almost 50, for whom it
is proposed to provide certain welfare measures. Basic objective of this scheme
production of coconut from unit holding to a level of 55 million
productivity level to 20000/ha.
welfare measures for coconut climbing community.
quality Laccadive varieties to other coconut growing States/U.T.s.
post harvest Technology and market promotion programme
A lot of enquiries are receiving from
growers and organizations at mainland for the supply of Laccadive variety
coconut seedlings and seed nuts. In the year 1999-2000, 1.5 lakhs nuts were
supplied to a private farm of Maharastra. At present this territory has no
regular coconut nursery to meet such demands. Hence, a scheme component has
In earlier days competition among
tharaward moopans in this territory was fill the entire land with coconut
seedlings. . Hectarage
population of trees varies from 250 to 400 trees. Due to close planting growers
experience problem not only in low productivity but also loss of 10-15% produce
by way of rat menace, control of which is very difficult due to accessibility of
rats to move from one end to another through bridging of coconut leaves.
Therefore the scheme cutting & removal of unthrifty/senile/uneconomic old palms
by paying Rs.400/-per tree has been proposed to create optimum spacing into an
ultimate objective of improving productivity.
Post harvest technology is stressed for
improving quality of coconut produce. Due to diversion of traditional coconut
climbing community towards wage employments, fishing and other
entrepreneurship; coconut harvesting has become a difficult task. Coconuts are
allowed to fall naturally on drying . To over come
this lacuna, it has been proposed to introduce mechanical coconut-climbing
device as a pilot programme.
As far this territory is concerned,
marketing produce of coconut is copra. Copra is usually made during summer
seasons with the availability of sunlight. Coconuts harvested from May to
October periods are stored in shed or open yards during when majority of nuts
are get germinated and about 20% reduction in kernel content takes place. Also
while conversion process of copra during summer season, due to sudden rains
quality of copra get lost. In order to overcome Kernel loss due to storage and
improve the quality of copra, it has been proposed to introduce mechanical copra
driers as a pilot project.
Considering the present fall on cost
of coconut need to go for product diversification and value addition programme has become necessary.
In this respect it has been felt necessary to encourage Neera tapping & Jaggary
making activities. In order to create a competitive mentality among farmers and
coconut climbers it has been proposed to award the coconut producers, Vinegar production and
Jaggary makers island wise. Hence this programme has been proposed. Awards @
Rs.4000/- per island per item will be given.
Considering the reduction in coconut price
as well as low production due to infestation of coconut mite, growers are trying
to find out various attractive remunerative programmes by way of product
diversification value of addition. Assistance to 6 Nos of desiccated coconut
powder units for initial procurement and transportation of the finished product
to mainland is to be extended. Hence this component has been proposed.
In the IXth Five year plan, under welfare
programme for coconut climbers, one time assistance was provided to permanently
handicapped persons @ Rs.15000/- and partially handicapped persons @ Rs.7500/-.
In fact this one time assistance doesn’t sufficient to meet the requirement of
medical expenses once met with a major accident. In this, all persons engaged in
coconut climbing will be insured under the group Janatha Personal Accident
policy for coconut climbers of New India Insurance Company. Sum insured against
death & permanent disability will be Rs.1 lakhs and for partial disability
Rs.50000/- premium of Rs.60/head/year will be paid by the Govt.
It is proposed to procure G.I Stiffner to
support coconut trees in order to protect houses, dwellings etc during monsoon
season. The item will be supplied to farmers on payment on subsidized cost.
Coconut Development programme
Extensive Inter Crop Management
Human Resource Development in Agriculture
Manures & Fertilizers
Integrated Pest & Disease Management
Agricultural Engineering Services
Research & Development
Land Development & Water Conservation Management
Macro Management Mode
Support to U.Ts Including Goa & Sikkim