MANURES & FERTILIZERS
soils of Lakshadweep is formed by disintegration of coral limestones underlined
with pebbles of different shapes and sizes are deficient in macro and
micronutrients essential for plant growth. It is poor generally in the level of
Nitrogen (N) and Potash (P) and fairly of good status in regard to Phosphorus
(P). Coconut being the perennial crop requires judicious application of
recommended doses of soil nutrients, along with prudent attempts for organic
dressing and fertility improvement. Mainly chemical fertilizers were resorted to
in the previous plan periods. The declining of both soil and land productivity,
fragile eco-systems and land degradation are of great concern to this territory.
environment impact assessment (EIA) made over in the Ninth Five year Plan suggested to do
away with the use of chemical fertilizers and to switch over to Organic manure
and Bio-fertilizers. It is of vital importance to enrich the soil fertility
judicially taking up organic recycling, green manuring, etc.
there is no scope for expansion of area for cultivation, it is necessary that
production from the unit holding is increased by application of manures and
fertilizers. The scheme proposes to multiply production of coconut, vegetables
and fruits through application of suitable micronutrients, bio-fertilizers and
organic manure. Retention capacity and availability of moisture, plant
nutrients and supply of oxygen to plant roots are enhanced when physical
condition of the soil is improved. Considering the fragile ecosystem of the
islands, only organic manure and bio-fertilizers are proposed to be used . It is
an established fact that the production will be more than the double in the case of
vegetables and fruits and 20-40 per cent more in the case of coconut by
application of organic manures.
present micronutrients and organic manure are distributed to the farmers on 30%
subsidy. The subsidy is proposed to scale down to zero level at the end of the Xth plan period.
The entire requirement for farmerís use and farm use of the department will be
produced/ procured. Programmes like production of green manure, pith-plus
compost, Organic compost from biodegradable rural waste and compost are
implemented through Panchayat bodies. This is an ongoing programme but making a
total shift from the use of chemical fertilizers to organic manure and
quality Organic Manure & 30Mt different basels (coconut micro food, vegetable
micro food, & micro food banana basels) for the use of Department
farms/Panchayat functionaries and to distribute on subsidiesed cost to farmers
will be procured from Govt. organization, reputed suppliers etc and distributed
to islands considering their requirements.
plus compost is produced from waste coir pith left out by the fiber factory by
way of pith plus (pleurotus) techniques. Though this organic manure doesnít give
high nutrient content as compared to certain quality organic manure will help to
hold water in many fold. So the Lakshadweep being a rain fed cropping area this
pith plus organic manure will help both way of supplying nutrients and release
of water to crops.
earthworms are seen naturally in various part of the territory. So far the
ability of earthworm in acting on other waste biomass and fish waste have not
been explored. Nationally vermi compost is considered as one of best organic
manure. It is learnt that vermin compost with fish waste is supplying (N) to the
level of 15%. So this programme has been proposed to implement in five islands
Kadmat, Minicoy, Andtrott, Kalpeni, Kavarati and Kiltan. The training on vermi
composting techniques will be imparted to the officials of the respective Unit
through KVK Kiltan.
is an essential component for the production of pith plus composting. Though the
use of chemical fertilizer has been banned for Manuring purpose, the
availability of the item for production of pith plus composting is to be
ensured. Therefore 20 Mt Urea is proposed to procure from FACT Kochi and
utilized exclusively for the purpose of pith plus composting.
Coconut Development programme
Extensive Inter Crop Management
Human Resource Development in Agriculture
Manures & Fertilizers
Integrated Pest & Disease Management
Agricultural Engineering Services
Research & Development
Land Development & Water Conservation Management
Macro Management Mode
Support to U.Ts Including Goa & Sikkim