Front Line Demonstration
Demonstration on Horticulture Crops:-
This FLD was taken
at Kiltan and Kavaratti to popularise the crop among locals specially as
an intercrop in coconut gardens.
Name of variety - Robusta
- Collected from Mainland.
Local varieties - Palayan
kodan, Monthan, Vaman Kathali.
planted in low lying areas showed better performance with an average
yield of 18 kg per plant than those planted in sandy soil with an average of 5
kg per plant.
Papaya is a
favourite fruit among locals. But nobody is taken up on commercial basis.
This FLD was taken up to popularise of fruit cultivation among locals
as intercrop in coconut gardens. Variety tried - Co 2 and Surya. Co2
purchased from dealers from Kerala and Surya from IIHRI Hassergatta
of Papaya was tried that is Co2 and Surya. Co2 gave an average yield of 80
fruits per tree per year whereas Surya from IIHRI Bangalore was a failure.
3. SWEET POTATO:-
tubers brought from mainland find good market here. It is not grown on
commercial scale here. So to popularise crop FLD was taken up.
performed better with an yield of 12 tonnes per hectare.
4. CURRY LEAF:-
This is a most
used leafy plant for all curries. The reason may be due to its medicinal
properties and also for its taste and flavour. It is an introduced crop in
the island. The FLD was taken up to popularise the crop in coconut gardens as
plant is 100% Plants have a growth of 10-12cm height and the tips are pruned
to get bushy growth. Only organic manure is added and mulching with coconut
waste. Major pest noticed is scales . Neem oil plus
Garlic and soap emulsion is sprayed for the control.
FLD ON SEA CUCUMBER CULTURE :-
cucumber has become an important fishery resource of Lakshadweep. Some
fishes are economically important and possess export potential. Processed sea
cucumber is called beach-de-mer. In recent years intensive exploitation of
the same has caused depletion of this valuable stock. It has been
demonstrated by scientist from CMFRI, Tuticorin Branch, Tamil nadu that the
culturing of some of the species in hapas in the sheltered shallow lagoon
area of the island is possible. The seeds required for the culture can be
collected from the natural environment.
As such a
survey of the sea cucumber resource of the lagoon area of Kiltan island was
conducted. Also sample of the quality specimens collected and its
processing was demonstrated. The processed specimen was sent to CMFRI,
Tuticorin Branch for quality analysis. The recommendation was for
improvement of the processing.
6. FLD On Fish
years in many countries artificial devices such as fish aggregating
devices, artificial reef etc are developed in order to augment fish
production. Operation of such devices are tried in many country and found to
be successful in attracting fishes. In Lakshadweep Coral reef and boulders
inside the lagoon provide shelter and protection for many other fishes
and marine organisms. But in recent years these fragile ecosystems are
being disturbed because of human interference by way of dredging and
deepening and removal of coral stones for construction purposes. This has
adversely affected the marine habitat of the fishes and other marine
organisms causing reduction in population. It is hoped that
recreation of suitable environment can revive the diminishing fish
population. Hence proposed one FLD on fish aggregating device in a suitable
area inside the lagoon adjacent to the reef.
and monitoring carried out daily. After laps of 3 - 4 weeks fishes started
FLD on suitable crop rotation for salinity management:-
A trial on crop
rotation for salinity management was conducted at Kiltan during
1999-2000. Alternative of crops having profuse root system was made with
vegetables susceptible to salinity. The soil water available in almost all
island have many soluble salts which hamper the growth and yield of crops
like chillies and tomato. This vegetables rotated with sorghum and maize in
sequential manner. The rotation resulted better growth and yield of these crops.
8. FLD ON MEDICINAL
Olden days the
flora of Lakshadweep was blessed with varieties of medicinal
plants. Due to cultural operations and increased peoples intervention on the
surrounding have resulted the loss of many valuable plants from these fragile
ecosystem. The reduction of the indigenous flora will not only degrade the
soil but also availability of such plants.
conditions of the soil and remunerative returns from the land can be
improved by adding new plants particularly the medicinal plants. Also helps
to strengthen the ecosystem .Hence the FLD is proposed. The following plants
are proposed to be introduced.
3. Ramachan (Vettiver)
4. Chittaratha (Plumpago
History and Objectives
Collaborative Projects Other Extension Activities
Women Cell Activities