Developmental Activities

 

1. Poultry development Programme.

 

        Poultry development constitutes a major thrust area in the overall activities of Animal Husbandry and plays a vital role in promoting the welfare of this backward area and its people.  The objective of this programme is to harness egg and chicken meat in the islands and to provide self-employment to the educated youths as well as womenfolk.  Under this scheme, following programmes are envisaged.

 

a.     Encourage backyard poultry 25 to 50 birds. 

b.     Assistance to construction of deep litter shed limited to a maximum of Rs. 2000/- per beneficiary.

c.      Establishment of Hatchery units in all major islands and maintaining parent stock to ensure timely supply of broiler and layers chicks.

     d. Ensure supply of poultry feed to beneficiaries

     e. Assistance for setting up of large-scale poultry rearing unit.

 

2. Animal Health Cover and Disease Control Programme

 

Animal Health sector play a significant role both in controlling production losses as well as in protecting valuable animals /birds belongs to the poor farmers.  The overall aim of animal health schemes is to keep Lakshadweep free from threat of any outbreak of contagious diseases and to provide veterinary services at the farmer’s doorsteps.  Establishment of Diseases Diagnostic Laboratory, Opening new Sub Centers, Strengthening of buffer stock etc are the few programmes envisaged under the scheme. 

 

3.Goat Development Programme.

 

Nearly 90 percent of the total households are rearing two to three goats for meat purposes and also meet their daily requirement of milk to some extent. Chevon is the popular meet in Lakshadweep and people use it all occasions especially marriage and religious functions. In spite of large number of households rearing the goats, however the amount of goat milk and meat available is meager. The islanders are not prepared to give up the goat rearing because of social and economic reasons. The existing scheme envisage the distribution of high quality breeding goats to the farmers and provision of assistance for fencing materials, feeds and goat shed etc.

 

A boyar goat farm is also established at Kavaratti during 2004-2005 considering demand for goat meet and its medicinal value.

  

4. Integrated Cattle Development

 

        Due to scarcity of gracing lands, organized dairy farming is not encouraged.  But household farming is being encouraged by distributing quality cross breeds of Holstein Friesian, Jersey and Brown Swiss for maintaining the present level of milk production and for generating income. Breeding of animals carried out with the help of artificial insemination for utilize frozen semen from Kerala and also by maintaining the bull for natural services in islands/ areas where it is difficult to provide liquid nitrogen in time. The cattle development scheme envisages distribution of cattle feeds, insurance coverage, improving insemination facilities, assistance for high- yielding milch animals and assistance for construction of cattle shed etc.

 

 

5. Training and Technical Assistances Programme.

 

       This scheme is formed as part of Professional Efficiency Development Programme to   impart in-service training to field Veterinarians and Para Veterinary staff to acquaint them with modern technological know how in the field of livestock and poultry management and production.  Organizing of Farmers tour, Farmers training, training on campus, Poultry Expo. etc are other components of the scheme.    

 

6. Live stock Census.

 

        The live stock census is a separate functionary under central sector. The statistical personals appointed under Centrally Sponsored Scheme “Estimate of major livestock products’ are being attended  conducting of periodical surveys and census under supervision of Director besides other works assigned under above scheme. As per Livestock census 2002 livestock population has been increased from 28920 to 50539 in 2002 at annual growth rate 15%. The annual growth rate was about 5% for cattle and 16% in the case of goats. Poultry population was 130651 and registered growth rate of 13% over the year.

 

                                                                (in numbers).

SL.No.

Species

1997

2002

Growth rate. (%)

1.

Cattle

  3399

    4206

  23

2.

Goat

25521

  46333

  82

3.

Poultry

78570

130651

  66

4.

Duck

--

  10740

100

5.

Turkey

--

    1476

100

6.

Others (J.quail)

--

    5006

100