The Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972: - A number of species
seen in the sea around the Lakshadweep islands are included in the Schedules of Wild Life
(Protection) Act, 1972. These include turtles, sea horse, whales, corals, sea
fans, sea cucumber, etc. The law is enforced in the islands for the protection
of these species.
(i) Protection of Corals: -Lakshadweep islands are the only coral islands in the country with unique fragile ecosystem. The very existence of the islands is because of the living corals. The islanders are largely depending on the corals and the lagoons for their lively hood and are the main attraction to these islands. Therefore the protection of corals and the lagoon are given top priority.
(i) Management of Pitti Bird Sanctuary:- Pitti island, situated about 24 km north west of Kavaratti island, which is a natural habitat of terns (Sterna fistula, Anous Stolidus, Sterna bergii, sterna anaethetus) has been declared as Bird Sanctuary under the provisions of the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972. The total area of the sanctuary is 0.01 Sq/Kms