Department of Science & Technology Lakshadweep

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             The Lakshadweep Islands Water Management Project (LIWAMP) funded by the India Canada Environment Facility (ICEF), New Delhi for a period of 5 years (December 2000 to December 2005) was sanctioned to the Centre for Water Resources Development and Management (CWRDM), Kozhikode, Kerala. The project with a total outlay of 5.875 crores was launched on 09th May 2001 at Kavaratti by the Lakshadweep Administrator in presence of the Director ICEF. The Project is being coordinated by CWRDM with the Department of Science & Technology and the Public Works Department of the UT of Lakshadweep as the project partners.


            The overall goal of the project is to manage the fresh eater sources of the Lakshadweep Islands, thereby making available minimum required fresh water for sustaining human life in the Islands and also scientifically managing the groundwater sources of these hydro geologically sensitive islands.


            The purpose of the project is to cater to the drinking water requirements of the Islands, to conserve and appropriately utilize the sub- surface sources, and to avoid over exploitation of groundwater from these hydro geologically sensitive groups of Islands.


            The measures suggested are expected to improve the present status of groundwater sources and may save these hydrogeologically sensitive islands from the intrusion of saline water to the freshwater zone, and subsequent problems to the environment. Capacity building of the participating institutions, user departments and the communities concerned will go a long way for sustaining the project, not only during the project period but also much afterwards.  Wherever sufficient fresh water sources have not been developed, as a part of the project, there will be sufficient know how and institutional capability with all concerned to continue the project activities even after the formal completion of the project.

            The user associations formed are expected to be sufficiently empowered by the end of the project, to take care of not only the aspects related to fresh water but also their general welfare.   They would have developed the capabilities to interact with the officials of the user departments and obtain what they really require.

            At the end of the project, it is expected that a model will be evolved for replication in other tropical islands of Southeast Asia.   The technologies suggested in this proposal will be time-tested and perfected.  The present limitations of the entire hierarchy involved in water management can be rectified based on the experience gained from the project.


bullet Groundwater management through utilization of subsurface water through wells with radial pipes and reducing the overexploitation of groundwater sources through the stipulation of levels of withdrawal and awareness programmes.
bullet Rainwater harvesting by the construction of rooftop rainwater harvesting structures for collection and storage in underground Ferro cement tanks and lined ponds.
bullet Capacity building through infrastructure development and training programmes.
bullet Peoples participation through awareness, formation of user associations, etc.

It is expected that at the end of the project, the population of the islands will have sufficient fresh water sources to meet their minimum domestic water requirements.  It is envisaged to provide between 10-15 liters per capita per day of drinking water to the inhabitants of the islands through various measures envisaged

Achievements in brief:

      Household baseline socioeconomic survey has been completed except Bitra in all inhabited islands and actual beneficiaries of the project have been identified.

      Well statistics of the all inhabited islands have been completed.

      PRA (Participatory Rural Appraisal) have been conducted in Kavaratti, Agatti, Amini and Minicoy Islands.

      User Associations have been formed in Kavaratti Island.

      Rain Water Harvesting Structures have been constructed in Kavaratti (47 Nos), Minicoy (49 Nos), Agatti (15 Nos), Amini (4 Nos) and Bangaram (3 Nos) Islands with peoples participation.

      Forty local mesons of Kavaratti, Agatti, Amini and Minicoy have been trained in ferrocement technology for construction of Rain Water Harvesting structures.

      Hydrogeological investigations in Kavaratti, Agatti, Amini, Minicoy and Kadmat islands have been completed.

      Water quality monitoring has been conducted in Kavaratti, Agatti, Amini and Minicoy, which shows that 90% of the wells are contaminated with coliform bacteria, hence, not worth recommending for drinking.  



Rain Water Harvesting Structure




LIWAMP Exhibition






LIWAMP Exhibition




II nd Steering committee meeting of LIWAMP






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