by vast ocean islands of Lakshadweep are open to storms and cyclones.
Natural Calamities like earth quake, flood, drought have not occurred in
Lakshadweep so far. One
of the earliest natural calamities recorded was the great storm that struck the
islands in April 1847. It commenced
in Kalpeni about 8 pm. on 15th April, passed on to Andrott and
finally reached Kiltan after devastating these two islands. All the houses in Kalpeni were damaged or washed away.
Out of the population of 1682, 246 were drowned or washed away in
Kalpeni. In 1891 a violent storm
burst upon Kavaratti island causing considerable damage to coconut trees.
The storm caused damage in Agatti and Amindivi group of Islands also.
Kalpeni island was hit by a severe cyclone on 1st December
1922. The waves washed completely
over the narrow northern end and the sea poured across the island into the
lagoon. There was no loss of life.
The cyclone was felt in other islands also.
Another major storm that struck the islands occurred in 1941.
In 1963 and 1965 also major calamity occurred causing considerable loss
of properties in Andrott, Kalpeni, Agatti and Kiltan.
There was no loss of life. The
last cyclone occurred in 1977 in Kalpeni and Andrott without causing any loss of
life. A large number of coconut
trees were uprooted and some houses were also damaged.
is no international organisation/society/agency engaged in the field of natural disaster prevention and reduction in Lakshadweep.
The revenue Department of Lakshadweep Administration is designated as the
nodal department for the whole Union Territory.
whole Union Territory forms into a single district.
A Disaster Management Committee has been constituted with the Head
Quarter at Kavaratti Each Sub
Division has got an island level committee.
Their composition are as follows:-
|1||Collector Cum Development Commissioner and District Magistrate||Chairman|
|2||Member of Parliament||Member|
|3||President Cum Chief Counsellor, District Panchayat||Member|
|4||Vice President Cum Counsellors||Members|
|5||Superintendent of Police, Lakshadweep||Member|
|6||Superintendenting Engineer, PWD||Member|
|8||Director of Medical & Health Services||Member|
|9||Director of Information, Publicity & Tourism||Member|
|10||Director of Agriculture||Member|
|11||Executive Engineer (Electricity)||Member|
|12||Deputy Chief Engineer, Lakshadweep Harbour Works||Member|
|13||Headmaster, Govt. High School, Kavaratti||Member|
|14||Additional District Magistrate||Member Secretary|
|1||Deputy Collector/SDO/ASDOs/ Authorised Officer||Convener|
|3||Assistant Engineer, PWD||Member|
|4||Assistant Engineer/Junior Engineer, Electricity
(Executive Engineer PWD to be members in Amini & Kalpeni)
|6||Circle Inspector/Sub Inspector of Police||Member|
|8||Agriculture Officer/Agriculture Demonstrator||Member|
|9||Asst.Director of Fisheries/Fisheries Inspector||Member|
|11||Veterinary Assistant Surgeon/Farm Manager||Member|
|12||Telecom Officer, BSNL||Member|
rooms have been set up at the Collectorate, Kavaratti and also in the offices of
the Deputy Collector/Sub Divisional Officer/ASDOs in all the islands.
and cyclones are the main natural calamity/disaster occurring in these islands.
The Administration has prepared a model Disaster Management plan
Cyclone warning to Lakshadweep is provided from the Area Cyclone Warning
Centres at Chennai and Trivandrum. A
monitoring Cell functions in the Collectorate at Head Quarter Island Kavaratti,
which immediately transmits such messages to all islands.
The TV network also plays vital role.
Communication net work of BSNL, Naval detachment,
Interstate Police Wireless, Lakshadweep Police Wireless, IR Battalion
Wireless, NIC, etc. will be fully
utilized for warning and for
All the Development Departments are associated under the Disaster
Management Plan (including Public Works Department and Electricity Department,
consisting of respective engineers, Port, Shipping & Transport Department,
Telecommunication-BSNL, Panchayats etc.) The
Administration is also exploring the possibility of setting up a Bharatiya
Search and Rescue Team for the Union Territory consisting of Lakshadweep Police,
India Reserve Battalion, Lakshadweep Fire Force, Marine Police Force (after its
operational commencement). Medical
Department, Tourism and Sports Department (for experts such as Divers etc.),
Port, Shipping & Transport Department etc.
On setting up of BHEEMA, necessary training will be imparted through
various Institutes under Govt. of India/States, in the absence of such
Institutions in Lakshadweep. There
are no Training Institutions, Professionals and Health Professionals (other than
CHS doctors MBBS doctors), Engineers/Planners and Architects, Agricultural
Universities etc. in this Union Territory.
Youth Organisations of minor nature only are available, and they are
associated with this. Educational
Institutions upto +2 level only are available, and students, and NCC/NSS/Scouts/Guides
in these institutions are also associated. The Educational Institutions
affiliated with CBSE viz Navodaya
Vidyalaya and one Senior Secondary School follows CBSE Syllabus and the rest of
schools in all the islands follow syllabus of Kerala Secondary Education/Senior
Secondary Education. It is
understood that CBSE has already initiated action to include basic disaster
related material in text books.
Administration has two all weather ships with a passenger capacity of about 1080
passengers. Apart from this
there are three small fair weather ships and two inter island ferry vessels and
mechanized boats. Besides there is
a helicopter with 10 passengers capacity which mainly used as an ambulance.
All these can be used for rescue work.
Apart from the above vessels, assistance of Naval ships can be
Administration has constructed godowns for stocking essential commodities like
rice, sugar kerosene oil etc. These
are being supplied through the local cooperative Supply & Marketing
Societies. Buffer stock of
essential commodities is stored in all the islands before the onset of monsoon
(15th May) to last up to the end of monsoon(15th
is a Referral hospital at the H.Q. island Kavaratti, a hospital at Minicoy, two
Community Health Centres one each at Agatti Andrott, 5 Primary Health Centres,
one each at Kalpeni, Amini, Kadmat, Kiltan, Chetlat and a first aid Centre at
Bitra. Services of these
Institutions can be availed of.