‘INTEGRATED CHILD DEVELOPMENT
DEPARTMENT OF SOCIAL JUSTICE, EMPOWERMENT & CULTURE, U.T. OF LAKSHADWEEP
The Integrated Child Development
Services (ICDS) is one of the World’s largest out reach programme for early
child hood care and development; A comprehensive development programme of
ICDS aimed at enhancing the health, nutrition and learning opportunities of
infants, young children (0-6 years) and their mothers, Adolescent girls etc.
It is the foremost symbol of India’s commitment to its children. It is also
the response of the country to the challenge of providing pre-school
education on one hand and breaking the vicious circle of mal-nutrition,
mortality and morbidity on the other.
The scheme provides an integrated approach
for converging basic services through community based honorary workers viz.
Anganwadi Workers and Helpers. Services are providing through Anganwadi
Centres which literally means courtyard play centre and also a child care
centre. In Lakshadweep only one ICDS project (Tribal) with 74 AWCs are
functioning in all in habited islands except Bitra. The programmes draws on
the resources of the centre, State, Voluntary Organizations, Panchayat and
the communities to meet its objectives, of reduction in mortality, morbidity
and malnutrition among children by improving their nutritional and health
status; reduction in school drop out rate, enhancement of mothers capability
to look after the developmental needs of the children and effective policy
implementation and co-ordination. Various on going programmes for all round
development of women and children like Supplementary Nutrition programme,
Health Check-up, Referral Services, Immunization, Non-formal, Pre-school
Education, health and Nutrition Education to mothers and Adolescent Girls
etc. Besides the above, mid-day meals to pre-school children, Additional
Central Assistance to the mal – nourished /underweight pregnant women,
lactating mothers and Adolescent Girls are also provided.
A Universal programme for women called ‘Swayamsidha’
under Integrated women’s Empowerment Programme is also taken up for
implementation since 2001under which 264 Self Help groups are formed and for
providing self-employment to the women folk. Moreover, awareness classes on
various subjects including health and nutrition education, legal literacy,
capacity building to self reliance, political awareness etc. are also being
imparted to the women employed under this programme.